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      ["title"]=>
      string(91) "“The international community must affirm its rejection of the Lebanese political class”"
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      string(105) "https://movs.world/the-international-community-must-affirm-its-rejection-of-the-lebanese-political-class/"
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“Humanitarian crisis”, selon l’ONU ; “One of the worst economic crises in modern history”, according to the World Bank; ” the Titanic without the orchestra “, according to Jean-Yves Le Drian, Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs, in an interview with Figaro December 14, 2020… For a while now, institutions and international media have been competing with alarmist formulas on Lebanon. If these reflect the urgency of the situation – after the vertiginous devaluation of the pound and hyperinflation that led to rampant poverty, the country is now facing shortages of gasoline, electricity and medicines – they have the perverse effect of presenting this crisis as an inevitable plague. This rhetoric “depoliticizes”: it verbally obscures the political dimension of a situation which is the fruit of choices made by the ruling classes; it implies that the Lebanese crisis is of a technical or humanitarian nature, whereas it is fundamentally political.

Read also: A year after the explosion of the port of Beirut, the investigation is slipping and a whole people, at the end of their tether, demands truth and justice

Technical, first of all: the carelessness of the leaders is read as a “Lack of skills” ; We are talking about “Financial crisis” or from “Socio-economic crisis” that must be overcome through “Good governance measures” or from ” fight against corruption “. Humanitarian, then: Lebanon is transformed into an object of charity, as illustrated by emergency aid. While a new international conference on Lebanon, with the support of the UN, is organized by President Emmanuel Macron on Wednesday August 4, exactly one year after the explosion in the port of Beirut, the seeds of this approach have been planted during previous conferences in Paris, London and Brussels, whose unfinished promises now resonate like sad litanies, symbols of the futility of an aid system at the end of its rope.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also In Beirut, the Skyline tower, “symbol of the horror of August 4”

Officially, the international community is still awaiting the formation of a government and the implementation of reforms. Attitude of denial: nearly a year after the resignation of the government, this formation is still stumbling over quarrels over portfolios, and Saad Hariri, appointed prime minister in October 2020, finally threw in the towel on July 15. In such a deleterious context, each additional mark of confidence granted to the elites directly contributes to the impoverishment of the population.

Distribute losses fairly

You have 60.45% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

" } ["wfw"]=> array(1) { ["commentrss"]=> string(110) "https://movs.world/the-international-community-must-affirm-its-rejection-of-the-lebanese-political-class/feed/" } ["slash"]=> array(1) { ["comments"]=> string(1) "0" } ["summary"]=> string(88) "Relatives of the victims of the August 4, 2020 explosion in the city’s port, in..." ["atom_content"]=> string(4152) "

“Humanitarian crisis”, selon l’ONU ; “One of the worst economic crises in modern history”, according to the World Bank; ” the Titanic without the orchestra “, according to Jean-Yves Le Drian, Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs, in an interview with Figaro December 14, 2020… For a while now, institutions and international media have been competing with alarmist formulas on Lebanon. If these reflect the urgency of the situation – after the vertiginous devaluation of the pound and hyperinflation that led to rampant poverty, the country is now facing shortages of gasoline, electricity and medicines – they have the perverse effect of presenting this crisis as an inevitable plague. This rhetoric “depoliticizes”: it verbally obscures the political dimension of a situation which is the fruit of choices made by the ruling classes; it implies that the Lebanese crisis is of a technical or humanitarian nature, whereas it is fundamentally political.

Read also: A year after the explosion of the port of Beirut, the investigation is slipping and a whole people, at the end of their tether, demands truth and justice

Technical, first of all: the carelessness of the leaders is read as a “Lack of skills” ; We are talking about “Financial crisis” or from “Socio-economic crisis” that must be overcome through “Good governance measures” or from ” fight against corruption “. Humanitarian, then: Lebanon is transformed into an object of charity, as illustrated by emergency aid. While a new international conference on Lebanon, with the support of the UN, is organized by President Emmanuel Macron on Wednesday August 4, exactly one year after the explosion in the port of Beirut, the seeds of this approach have been planted during previous conferences in Paris, London and Brussels, whose unfinished promises now resonate like sad litanies, symbols of the futility of an aid system at the end of its rope.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also In Beirut, the Skyline tower, “symbol of the horror of August 4”

Officially, the international community is still awaiting the formation of a government and the implementation of reforms. Attitude of denial: nearly a year after the resignation of the government, this formation is still stumbling over quarrels over portfolios, and Saad Hariri, appointed prime minister in October 2020, finally threw in the towel on July 15. In such a deleterious context, each additional mark of confidence granted to the elites directly contributes to the impoverishment of the population.

Distribute losses fairly

You have 60.45% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1628041809) } [1]=> array(14) { ["title"]=> string(37) "“Red lines must be clearly drawn”" ["link"]=> string(51) "https://movs.world/red-lines-must-be-clearly-drawn/" ["comments"]=> string(59) "https://movs.world/red-lines-must-be-clearly-drawn/#respond" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(11) "Susan Hally" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Tue, 03 Aug 2021 04:03:33 +0000" ["category"]=> string(21) "Opinionsdrawnlinesred" ["guid"]=> string(51) "https://movs.world/red-lines-must-be-clearly-drawn/" ["description"]=> string(100) "Demonstration against the establishment of a health pass, place du Trocadéro, in Paris, July 24,..." ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(3817) "

AAdopted by Parliament on Sunday July 25, the law relating to “management of the health crisis” requires the presentation of a complete vaccination schedule or a negative test access to most areas of daily life. At the same time, for the third consecutive weekend, hundreds of thousands of people gathered around France, a sign of great concern in the middle of summer on the part of antivax of course, but above all from ordinary citizens worried about the ‘infringement of individual freedoms.

Because imposed by the President of the Republic without any prior consultation other than that of the health defense council, and presented as the only alternative to a new confinement, the introduction of this health pass raises major questions, which cannot be summed up as a confrontation. between supporters and opponents of vaccination.

The essential : What is contained in the bill definitively adopted by Parliament

It is first necessary to measure what such a device has unprecedented, beyond even the method followed and the indisputable attack on the freedoms to come and go, and of conscience. Unlike the successive measures implemented for eighteen months, the health pass will indeed require each citizen to justify, on request, his viral situation – vaccination or negative test – to perform the most banal acts of life. in society: drink a coffee, have lunch on the terrace, go to the cinema. But above all, it will entrust the control of these health data to other citizens, in charge of the establishments concerned, who have never had any authority in the matter.

Fraud and differential treatment

Such a device may already, in practice, be very difficult to implement. How to imagine that a bistro refuses, to a friend and regular customer, the service of a café on the terrace, on the sole ground that this customer could not justify his health data? How can we imagine that an employer easily indulges, on an employee with whom he is fully satisfied, the control of his health pass at the risk of having to suspend him in his activity?

Applied to too extensive spheres of social life, the law on the health pass will therefore have every chance of not being correctly implemented, causing fraud and differentiated treatment to proliferate. Unless, of course, a general control system, office after office, table after table, is implemented by the police. The cafeteria controller, in turn controlled, will then have to answer before the criminal judge, after administrative closure, for his refusal to turn a customer away …

You have 52.61% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

" } ["wfw"]=> array(1) { ["commentrss"]=> string(56) "https://movs.world/red-lines-must-be-clearly-drawn/feed/" } ["slash"]=> array(1) { ["comments"]=> string(1) "0" } ["summary"]=> string(100) "Demonstration against the establishment of a health pass, place du Trocadéro, in Paris, July 24,..." ["atom_content"]=> string(3817) "

AAdopted by Parliament on Sunday July 25, the law relating to “management of the health crisis” requires the presentation of a complete vaccination schedule or a negative test access to most areas of daily life. At the same time, for the third consecutive weekend, hundreds of thousands of people gathered around France, a sign of great concern in the middle of summer on the part of antivax of course, but above all from ordinary citizens worried about the ‘infringement of individual freedoms.

Because imposed by the President of the Republic without any prior consultation other than that of the health defense council, and presented as the only alternative to a new confinement, the introduction of this health pass raises major questions, which cannot be summed up as a confrontation. between supporters and opponents of vaccination.

The essential : What is contained in the bill definitively adopted by Parliament

It is first necessary to measure what such a device has unprecedented, beyond even the method followed and the indisputable attack on the freedoms to come and go, and of conscience. Unlike the successive measures implemented for eighteen months, the health pass will indeed require each citizen to justify, on request, his viral situation – vaccination or negative test – to perform the most banal acts of life. in society: drink a coffee, have lunch on the terrace, go to the cinema. But above all, it will entrust the control of these health data to other citizens, in charge of the establishments concerned, who have never had any authority in the matter.

Fraud and differential treatment

Such a device may already, in practice, be very difficult to implement. How to imagine that a bistro refuses, to a friend and regular customer, the service of a café on the terrace, on the sole ground that this customer could not justify his health data? How can we imagine that an employer easily indulges, on an employee with whom he is fully satisfied, the control of his health pass at the risk of having to suspend him in his activity?

Applied to too extensive spheres of social life, the law on the health pass will therefore have every chance of not being correctly implemented, causing fraud and differentiated treatment to proliferate. Unless, of course, a general control system, office after office, table after table, is implemented by the police. The cafeteria controller, in turn controlled, will then have to answer before the criminal judge, after administrative closure, for his refusal to turn a customer away …

You have 52.61% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1627963413) } [2]=> array(14) { ["title"]=> string(53) "Ava Gardner, mermaid of Catalonia in Franco’s Spain" ["link"]=> string(69) "https://movs.world/ava-gardner-mermaid-of-catalonia-in-francos-spain/" ["comments"]=> string(77) "https://movs.world/ava-gardner-mermaid-of-catalonia-in-francos-spain/#respond" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(11) "Susan Hally" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Sun, 01 Aug 2021 17:04:15 +0000" ["category"]=> string(46) "OpinionsAvaCataloniaFrancosGardnermermaidSpain" ["guid"]=> string(69) "https://movs.world/ava-gardner-mermaid-of-catalonia-in-francos-spain/" ["description"]=> string(112) "By Isabelle Piquer Posted today at 7:00 p.m. Reserved for our subscribers Story“Hollywood in Franco’s..." ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(4806) "

By Isabelle Piquer

Posted today at 7:00 p.m.

Hurricane Ava Gardner arrived in Tossa de Mar in April 1950. Neither the goddess of the screen nor the tiny village of the Costa Brava, in Catalonia, would emerge unscathed from this encounter. The American actress arrives in Spain to shoot Pandora, a film directed by American director Albert Lewin. She is 27 years old and is not yet a big star. We then talk more about her two marriages and her two divorces, the fact that billionaire Howard Hughes courted her, or even harassed her, than about her acting skills. Her sister Bappie, who has chaperoned her since the start of her career, accompanies her.

In his autobiography, Ava. Briefs (Presses de la Renaissance, 1991), released a few months after her death, the actress confides that of all her films, Pandora is probably one of the lesser known, outside the circle of moviegoers. But she adds: “Yet nothing that I did, neither before nor after, mattered so much. ” This feature film, the first in color for her, will propel her career to the top. And then, it is the opportunity for her to leave the United States for the first time. It allows him to discover England, and especially Spain, where most of the filming takes place.

Ava Gardner, in Andalusian dress, poses during the April Feria in Seville, where she was invited by the director general of tourism, Luis Antonio Bolin, on April 17, 1950.

It was then a country where the dictator Francisco Franco (1892-1975) reigned supreme, still marked by civil war and shortages, isolated in this post-war Europe and which did not keep pace with modernity. galloping from its main neighbors. This still peasant Spain, where cultural traditions are strong, is a shock to her. To the point, thereafter, of spending a large part of his life in Madrid. “It just took me a little trip never to look back », writes the actress in her memoirs.

Lovers of the Costa Brava

Tossa de Mar is chosen by chance for the shoot. Albert Puig Palau, a Catalan textile industrialist, who likes to hang out with artists and play patron, invited Albert Lewin to his superb residence in Palamos, not far from Tossa, where he used to organize lavish parties. The filmmaker accepts, because he is looking for virgin landscapes for his next film. He visits the Costa Brava and immediately falls in love with it. This is where he will recreate the village he names Esperanza in Pandora.

The film begins with a fishing scene. During the first minutes, three men with features chiselled by the sea pull up their nets while speaking a strong Catalan, an exceptional thing in a Spain where the dictatorship fiercely imposes Castilian. They have a hard time pulling up their hold. “Do you think we’re holding a whale?” “, launches one of the fishermen, laughing. Suddenly they freeze. Two corpses are entangled in their mesh, those of the superb Pandora Reynolds (Ava Gardner) and of Hendrick van der Zee (James Mason), a mysterious Dutch navigator, living alone on his boat, where he paints enigmatic portraits.

You have 85.62% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

" } ["wfw"]=> array(1) { ["commentrss"]=> string(74) "https://movs.world/ava-gardner-mermaid-of-catalonia-in-francos-spain/feed/" } ["slash"]=> array(1) { ["comments"]=> string(1) "0" } ["summary"]=> string(112) "By Isabelle Piquer Posted today at 7:00 p.m. Reserved for our subscribers Story“Hollywood in Franco’s..." ["atom_content"]=> string(4806) "

By Isabelle Piquer

Posted today at 7:00 p.m.

Hurricane Ava Gardner arrived in Tossa de Mar in April 1950. Neither the goddess of the screen nor the tiny village of the Costa Brava, in Catalonia, would emerge unscathed from this encounter. The American actress arrives in Spain to shoot Pandora, a film directed by American director Albert Lewin. She is 27 years old and is not yet a big star. We then talk more about her two marriages and her two divorces, the fact that billionaire Howard Hughes courted her, or even harassed her, than about her acting skills. Her sister Bappie, who has chaperoned her since the start of her career, accompanies her.

In his autobiography, Ava. Briefs (Presses de la Renaissance, 1991), released a few months after her death, the actress confides that of all her films, Pandora is probably one of the lesser known, outside the circle of moviegoers. But she adds: “Yet nothing that I did, neither before nor after, mattered so much. ” This feature film, the first in color for her, will propel her career to the top. And then, it is the opportunity for her to leave the United States for the first time. It allows him to discover England, and especially Spain, where most of the filming takes place.

Ava Gardner, in Andalusian dress, poses during the April Feria in Seville, where she was invited by the director general of tourism, Luis Antonio Bolin, on April 17, 1950.

It was then a country where the dictator Francisco Franco (1892-1975) reigned supreme, still marked by civil war and shortages, isolated in this post-war Europe and which did not keep pace with modernity. galloping from its main neighbors. This still peasant Spain, where cultural traditions are strong, is a shock to her. To the point, thereafter, of spending a large part of his life in Madrid. “It just took me a little trip never to look back », writes the actress in her memoirs.

Lovers of the Costa Brava

Tossa de Mar is chosen by chance for the shoot. Albert Puig Palau, a Catalan textile industrialist, who likes to hang out with artists and play patron, invited Albert Lewin to his superb residence in Palamos, not far from Tossa, where he used to organize lavish parties. The filmmaker accepts, because he is looking for virgin landscapes for his next film. He visits the Costa Brava and immediately falls in love with it. This is where he will recreate the village he names Esperanza in Pandora.

The film begins with a fishing scene. During the first minutes, three men with features chiselled by the sea pull up their nets while speaking a strong Catalan, an exceptional thing in a Spain where the dictatorship fiercely imposes Castilian. They have a hard time pulling up their hold. “Do you think we’re holding a whale?” “, launches one of the fishermen, laughing. Suddenly they freeze. Two corpses are entangled in their mesh, those of the superb Pandora Reynolds (Ava Gardner) and of Hendrick van der Zee (James Mason), a mysterious Dutch navigator, living alone on his boat, where he paints enigmatic portraits.

You have 85.62% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1627837455) } [3]=> array(14) { ["title"]=> string(70) "“Tunisian democracy, between temporary breakdown and lasting halt”" ["link"]=> string(83) "https://movs.world/tunisian-democracy-between-temporary-breakdown-and-lasting-halt/" ["comments"]=> string(91) "https://movs.world/tunisian-democracy-between-temporary-breakdown-and-lasting-halt/#respond" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(11) "Susan Hally" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Fri, 30 Jul 2021 03:18:21 +0000" ["category"]=> string(55) "OpinionsbreakdownDemocracyhältlastingtemporaryTunisian" ["guid"]=> string(83) "https://movs.world/tunisian-democracy-between-temporary-breakdown-and-lasting-halt/" ["description"]=> string(91) "Support from Tunisian President Kaïs Saïed in front of Parliament in Tunis on July 26,..." ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(3888) "

EIs this due to the centrality of the constitutional idea in its political history for more than a century and a half? In any case, it seems that Tunisia has specialized in a particular method of seizing power, that of the constitutional coup. Former President Ben Ali used it to overthrow old leader Habib Bourguiba on November 7, 1987.

Thirty-four years and a revolution later, it is also by invoking the Constitution that President Kaïs Saïed carried out, on Sunday July 25, a coup by grabbing, by virtue of a very personal reading of the ‘Article 80 of the Basic Law, the totality of power. With the green light from the army, he now concentrates in his hands the executive, legislative and judicial functions that the 2014 Constitution took care to separate, and even to fragment with regard to the executive.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also Tunisia plunged into the unknown after President Kaïs Saïed’s coup

The question now is whether it is a temporary breakdown in the chaotic but stubborn construction of Tunisian democracy or a lasting halt to the latter. Mr. Saïed was in fact impatiently waiting to cross the Rubicon. Since his election in October 2019, he has continued to want to extend his prerogatives and call for a modification of the Constitution which would give power to the people he claims to be.

The opportunity to take action was provided to him by the descent into the abyss of a political class that has shown since the 2011 revolution, but especially for two years, the proof of its inability to meet the challenges posed by a country in the midst of political, economic and social collapse.

Alignment of planets

In fact, Mr. Saïed benefited from an exceptionally favorable alignment of the planets to take action. The Islamist Ennahda party has been totally discredited by its clientelist and prebendary practices and an exercise of power that it has practically monopolized since October 2011. Focusing on its own interests, it has provoked in less than ten years a radical rejection as evidenced by looting suffered its premises throughout the country, including in its strongholds, during the demonstrations of July 25. It was therefore easy for the Head of State to give him the coup de grace.

The popular classes, exhausted by the increase in the cost of living, the permanence of mass unemployment, the spread of corruption, to which was added the gravity of the health crisis, disgusted by the behavior of its elected officials and sensitive to the populist rhetoric of the Head of State, could only approve of his declared intention to put an end to the mismanagement.

You have 54.38% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

" } ["wfw"]=> array(1) { ["commentrss"]=> string(88) "https://movs.world/tunisian-democracy-between-temporary-breakdown-and-lasting-halt/feed/" } ["slash"]=> array(1) { ["comments"]=> string(1) "0" } ["summary"]=> string(91) "Support from Tunisian President Kaïs Saïed in front of Parliament in Tunis on July 26,..." ["atom_content"]=> string(3888) "

EIs this due to the centrality of the constitutional idea in its political history for more than a century and a half? In any case, it seems that Tunisia has specialized in a particular method of seizing power, that of the constitutional coup. Former President Ben Ali used it to overthrow old leader Habib Bourguiba on November 7, 1987.

Thirty-four years and a revolution later, it is also by invoking the Constitution that President Kaïs Saïed carried out, on Sunday July 25, a coup by grabbing, by virtue of a very personal reading of the ‘Article 80 of the Basic Law, the totality of power. With the green light from the army, he now concentrates in his hands the executive, legislative and judicial functions that the 2014 Constitution took care to separate, and even to fragment with regard to the executive.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also Tunisia plunged into the unknown after President Kaïs Saïed’s coup

The question now is whether it is a temporary breakdown in the chaotic but stubborn construction of Tunisian democracy or a lasting halt to the latter. Mr. Saïed was in fact impatiently waiting to cross the Rubicon. Since his election in October 2019, he has continued to want to extend his prerogatives and call for a modification of the Constitution which would give power to the people he claims to be.

The opportunity to take action was provided to him by the descent into the abyss of a political class that has shown since the 2011 revolution, but especially for two years, the proof of its inability to meet the challenges posed by a country in the midst of political, economic and social collapse.

Alignment of planets

In fact, Mr. Saïed benefited from an exceptionally favorable alignment of the planets to take action. The Islamist Ennahda party has been totally discredited by its clientelist and prebendary practices and an exercise of power that it has practically monopolized since October 2011. Focusing on its own interests, it has provoked in less than ten years a radical rejection as evidenced by looting suffered its premises throughout the country, including in its strongholds, during the demonstrations of July 25. It was therefore easy for the Head of State to give him the coup de grace.

The popular classes, exhausted by the increase in the cost of living, the permanence of mass unemployment, the spread of corruption, to which was added the gravity of the health crisis, disgusted by the behavior of its elected officials and sensitive to the populist rhetoric of the Head of State, could only approve of his declared intention to put an end to the mismanagement.

You have 54.38% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1627615101) } [4]=> array(14) { ["title"]=> string(119) "“The Covid-19 pandemic could, like those of cholera in the 19th century, lead to a new revolution in public health”" ["link"]=> string(131) "https://movs.world/the-covid-19-pandemic-could-like-those-of-cholera-in-the-19th-century-lead-to-a-new-revolution-in-public-health/" ["comments"]=> string(139) "https://movs.world/the-covid-19-pandemic-could-like-those-of-cholera-in-the-19th-century-lead-to-a-new-revolution-in-public-health/#respond" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(11) "Susan Hally" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Thu, 29 Jul 2021 02:28:04 +0000" ["category"]=> string(67) "Opinions19thcenturycholeraCovid19healthleadpandemicpublicrevolution" ["guid"]=> string(131) "https://movs.world/the-covid-19-pandemic-could-like-those-of-cholera-in-the-19th-century-lead-to-a-new-revolution-in-public-health/" ["description"]=> string(122) "In an ephemeral vaccination center installed in a campsite, in Argelès-sur-Mer (Pyrénées-Orientales), July 23, 2021...." ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(3964) "

Lhe development of several SARS-CoV-2 vaccines in one year has been rightly hailed as a remarkable advance in scientific and medical research. But if this contributes, of course, to the increase of human lifespan, the importance of public health policies should not be minimized.

The tremendous increase in longevity during the XXe century is thus largely linked to the policies introduced following the five major cholera epidemics which plagued Europe in the previous century, in 1831-1832, 1848-1854, 1866-1867 and 1888-1889.

Cholera is a frightening disease which marked the collective imagination, the patient being able to dry out very quickly, to the point of becoming “blue” just before dying, hence the expression “a blue scare”. In 1832, 100,000 French (out of 33 million) died of cholera. The capital is particularly affected, in particular the poor districts, with 20,000 deaths among the 800,000 Parisians.

The works of Haussmann, children of cholera

In a tense social context, the French population is then reluctant to health constraints, and political leaders refuse to declare cholera a contagious disease. Changing habits is difficult, like today. Economic interests also often take precedence over public health. But a collection of mortality data was set up, which in 1848, during the second epidemic, made it possible to understand that water was the main vector for the spread of cholera.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also Plague, cholera, tuberculosis … epidemics have shaped our cities

In the midst of the industrial revolution and while the colonial conquest was in full swing, the development of the railroad and the launch of new maritime links worsened the situation. More than ten international conferences are organized in order to limit the spread of the pandemic, without many concrete decisions. But laws are passed in the UK to prevent companies from dumping their wastewater into the Thames.

The shock of the second epidemic (1848-1854) will also greatly contribute to the launch, in France, of large-scale public policies to improve hygiene and living conditions. Laws were passed in 1850 to fight against unsanitary housing, and hygiene education took an increasing place in schools. Large cities, like Paris, are totally transformed with the creation of wide arteries and buildings served by running water, as well as a modern sewer network of more than 500 kilometers. The work of Haussmann, begun in 1852, is the children of cholera.

You have 38.8% of this article left to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

" } ["wfw"]=> array(1) { ["commentrss"]=> string(136) "https://movs.world/the-covid-19-pandemic-could-like-those-of-cholera-in-the-19th-century-lead-to-a-new-revolution-in-public-health/feed/" } ["slash"]=> array(1) { ["comments"]=> string(1) "0" } ["summary"]=> string(122) "In an ephemeral vaccination center installed in a campsite, in Argelès-sur-Mer (Pyrénées-Orientales), July 23, 2021...." ["atom_content"]=> string(3964) "

Lhe development of several SARS-CoV-2 vaccines in one year has been rightly hailed as a remarkable advance in scientific and medical research. But if this contributes, of course, to the increase of human lifespan, the importance of public health policies should not be minimized.

The tremendous increase in longevity during the XXe century is thus largely linked to the policies introduced following the five major cholera epidemics which plagued Europe in the previous century, in 1831-1832, 1848-1854, 1866-1867 and 1888-1889.

Cholera is a frightening disease which marked the collective imagination, the patient being able to dry out very quickly, to the point of becoming “blue” just before dying, hence the expression “a blue scare”. In 1832, 100,000 French (out of 33 million) died of cholera. The capital is particularly affected, in particular the poor districts, with 20,000 deaths among the 800,000 Parisians.

The works of Haussmann, children of cholera

In a tense social context, the French population is then reluctant to health constraints, and political leaders refuse to declare cholera a contagious disease. Changing habits is difficult, like today. Economic interests also often take precedence over public health. But a collection of mortality data was set up, which in 1848, during the second epidemic, made it possible to understand that water was the main vector for the spread of cholera.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also Plague, cholera, tuberculosis … epidemics have shaped our cities

In the midst of the industrial revolution and while the colonial conquest was in full swing, the development of the railroad and the launch of new maritime links worsened the situation. More than ten international conferences are organized in order to limit the spread of the pandemic, without many concrete decisions. But laws are passed in the UK to prevent companies from dumping their wastewater into the Thames.

The shock of the second epidemic (1848-1854) will also greatly contribute to the launch, in France, of large-scale public policies to improve hygiene and living conditions. Laws were passed in 1850 to fight against unsanitary housing, and hygiene education took an increasing place in schools. Large cities, like Paris, are totally transformed with the creation of wide arteries and buildings served by running water, as well as a modern sewer network of more than 500 kilometers. The work of Haussmann, begun in 1852, is the children of cholera.

You have 38.8% of this article left to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1627525684) } [5]=> array(14) { ["title"]=> string(99) "“Protecting young people must be one of the first emergencies in the face of the Delta variant”" ["link"]=> string(113) "https://movs.world/protecting-young-people-must-be-one-of-the-first-emergencies-in-the-face-of-the-delta-variant/" ["comments"]=> string(121) "https://movs.world/protecting-young-people-must-be-one-of-the-first-emergencies-in-the-face-of-the-delta-variant/#respond" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(11) "Susan Hally" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Wed, 28 Jul 2021 02:38:24 +0000" ["category"]=> string(56) "OpinionsDeltaEmergenciesfacepeopleProtectingvariantyoung" ["guid"]=> string(113) "https://movs.world/protecting-young-people-must-be-one-of-the-first-emergencies-in-the-face-of-the-delta-variant/" ["description"]=> string(109) "A young girl receives a dose of Pfizer-BioNTech’s Comirnaty vaccine against Covid-19, in Paris, June..." ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(4455) "

LThe executive and Parliament have just debated the strategy to fight the Covid-19 pandemic. The big ones forgotten in this important debate are the 15 million children and adolescents whom the fourth wave will hit hard in the coming weeks. The generalization of the health pass, flagship measure of the bill adopted on Sunday, July 25, does not concern them: children under 12 were exempt from it from the outset, and this will ultimately also be the case, until the end of September. , adolescents, who have been vaccinated since June 15 but whose vaccination coverage does not exceed 10% to date. Teaching places were immediately excluded from the scope of application.

In Parliament, minors were only mentioned through the prism of vaccination of 12-18 year olds, through amendments from all sides fighting, fortunately without success, that they be subject to the health pass for their leisure activities. : the preventive measures would then weigh on them with a disproportionate weight, they say, compared to a virus generous enough to spare them. This is reasoning in an epidemiological framework that the reality of the start of the school year will make completely obsolete.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also Health pass: what is contained in the bill definitively adopted by Parliament

No device in the strategy to combat the fourth wave targets the protection of children and adolescents. However, they are the ones who will be on the front line between now and the start of the school year. Two factors now reinforce their fragility: the increased contagiousness of the Delta variant; and the vaccination of older age groups, better vaccinated than them, which thereby increases the pressure of the virus on them. Before the summer, minors already represented 25% of the cases detected. They could soon account for 50% of contaminations, according to the latest models.

At the peak, from September, in a median scenario where there would then be 100,000 new cases per day, there would therefore be 50,000 children and adolescents infected each day. These projections by the Institut Pasteur (Hozé et al., July 9, 2021; Bosetti et al., July 13, 2021), accessible to all and regularly updated on its site, are considered likely even with the positive impact of the generalization of the health pass on the rhythm of vaccinations.

Alarming outlook

Despite these alarming prospects, it remains very difficult in our country to speak about the reality of the Covid risk among minors. Several factors explain it. The relief, first, in the spring of 2020, to find that severe forms of the infection were extremely rare for them. The uncertainty, then, on their role in the viral circulation throughout the period of confinement. The concern, also, for their mental health, affected by confinement, periods of long-distance schooling, and the very violence of this epidemic which disrupts their daily life and their families. The sanctuary, finally, of the school imperative: the President of the Republic, at the opening of his speech of July 12, summoned the French to the pride of belonging to one of the nations which has closed its schools the least.

You have 67.21% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

" } ["wfw"]=> array(1) { ["commentrss"]=> string(118) "https://movs.world/protecting-young-people-must-be-one-of-the-first-emergencies-in-the-face-of-the-delta-variant/feed/" } ["slash"]=> array(1) { ["comments"]=> string(1) "0" } ["summary"]=> string(109) "A young girl receives a dose of Pfizer-BioNTech’s Comirnaty vaccine against Covid-19, in Paris, June..." ["atom_content"]=> string(4455) "

LThe executive and Parliament have just debated the strategy to fight the Covid-19 pandemic. The big ones forgotten in this important debate are the 15 million children and adolescents whom the fourth wave will hit hard in the coming weeks. The generalization of the health pass, flagship measure of the bill adopted on Sunday, July 25, does not concern them: children under 12 were exempt from it from the outset, and this will ultimately also be the case, until the end of September. , adolescents, who have been vaccinated since June 15 but whose vaccination coverage does not exceed 10% to date. Teaching places were immediately excluded from the scope of application.

In Parliament, minors were only mentioned through the prism of vaccination of 12-18 year olds, through amendments from all sides fighting, fortunately without success, that they be subject to the health pass for their leisure activities. : the preventive measures would then weigh on them with a disproportionate weight, they say, compared to a virus generous enough to spare them. This is reasoning in an epidemiological framework that the reality of the start of the school year will make completely obsolete.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also Health pass: what is contained in the bill definitively adopted by Parliament

No device in the strategy to combat the fourth wave targets the protection of children and adolescents. However, they are the ones who will be on the front line between now and the start of the school year. Two factors now reinforce their fragility: the increased contagiousness of the Delta variant; and the vaccination of older age groups, better vaccinated than them, which thereby increases the pressure of the virus on them. Before the summer, minors already represented 25% of the cases detected. They could soon account for 50% of contaminations, according to the latest models.

At the peak, from September, in a median scenario where there would then be 100,000 new cases per day, there would therefore be 50,000 children and adolescents infected each day. These projections by the Institut Pasteur (Hozé et al., July 9, 2021; Bosetti et al., July 13, 2021), accessible to all and regularly updated on its site, are considered likely even with the positive impact of the generalization of the health pass on the rhythm of vaccinations.

Alarming outlook

Despite these alarming prospects, it remains very difficult in our country to speak about the reality of the Covid risk among minors. Several factors explain it. The relief, first, in the spring of 2020, to find that severe forms of the infection were extremely rare for them. The uncertainty, then, on their role in the viral circulation throughout the period of confinement. The concern, also, for their mental health, affected by confinement, periods of long-distance schooling, and the very violence of this epidemic which disrupts their daily life and their families. The sanctuary, finally, of the school imperative: the President of the Republic, at the opening of his speech of July 12, summoned the French to the pride of belonging to one of the nations which has closed its schools the least.

You have 67.21% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1627439904) } [6]=> array(14) { ["title"]=> string(107) "“In Chile, the multilingualism of the President of the Constituent Assembly breaks a political silence”" ["link"]=> string(120) "https://movs.world/in-chile-the-multilingualism-of-the-president-of-the-constituent-assembly-breaks-a-political-silence/" ["comments"]=> string(128) "https://movs.world/in-chile-the-multilingualism-of-the-president-of-the-constituent-assembly-breaks-a-political-silence/#respond" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(11) "Susan Hally" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Tue, 27 Jul 2021 00:49:24 +0000" ["category"]=> string(78) "OpinionsAssemblybreaksChileConstituentmultilingualismpoliticalPresidentsilence" ["guid"]=> string(120) "https://movs.world/in-chile-the-multilingualism-of-the-president-of-the-constituent-assembly-breaks-a-political-silence/" ["description"]=> string(100) "Elisa Loncon after her election as President of the Chilean Constituent Assembly, in Santiago, on..." ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(4187) "

Ln July 4, Elisa Loncon is elected president of the Chilean Constituent Assembly. She greets the Assembly in Mapudungun, the language spoken by the Mapuche people, who for years have been fighting for their political autonomy. Whenever Elisa Loncon starts a conversation or a public speech, she first speaks in Mapudungun before continuing in Spanish.

Speaking a language that only a small fraction of the population can understand has an immediate political effect: it is when you do not understand a language that you hear it first. What one hears from outside, since one does not understand, necessarily strikes from within, since what resonates is an excluded language of which one is deprived. This, therefore, has a political effect in the long term because to be deprived of a language is to be deprived of the conditions necessary to be a subject – a subject who can answer for a story, for himself, and so himself. constitute a subject of law.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also Elisa Loncon, Mapuche native at the head of the Constituent Assembly, promises “a new Chile”

These words, these greetings, these thanks that Elisa Loncon has been saying for years in Mapudungun, on TV and on the radio, ended up acting in this way. Today – and from the day she was elected – we no longer speak only of including a certain number of seats for the original peoples in the Constituent Assembly, we also speak of the multiple languages ​​used by the multiple populations that make up part of Chile; we also and above all speak of language as a fundamental right.

We are therefore not in an inclusive perspective but in a re-founding perspective. By speaking several languages, Elisa Loncon does not seek only to obtain the recognition of the original peoples, this being done in fact in the language which, until then, has ignored them; it reminds us that it is through language that we become a subject and that we can acquire and establish rights.

Tackle the pillar of the political system

The proposal to change the Constitution in Chile was decided in November 2019, a month after the start of the social movement that exploded in Santiago. The “accord for peace and the new constitution”, as it has been baptized, has been endorsed by various political parties and movements, powerless to offer a response to the social movement. This proposal was therefore a response to a movement that attacked the political system as a whole and thus, tacitly, its pillar: the Constitution. The slogan for October 2019 was: “It is not thirty pesos but thirty years” suggesting that the cause of the social explosion was not the increase in the price of public transport but the thirty years of democratic transition which followed the Pinochet dictatorship (1973-1990).

You have 52.97% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

" } ["wfw"]=> array(1) { ["commentrss"]=> string(125) "https://movs.world/in-chile-the-multilingualism-of-the-president-of-the-constituent-assembly-breaks-a-political-silence/feed/" } ["slash"]=> array(1) { ["comments"]=> string(1) "0" } ["summary"]=> string(100) "Elisa Loncon after her election as President of the Chilean Constituent Assembly, in Santiago, on..." ["atom_content"]=> string(4187) "

Ln July 4, Elisa Loncon is elected president of the Chilean Constituent Assembly. She greets the Assembly in Mapudungun, the language spoken by the Mapuche people, who for years have been fighting for their political autonomy. Whenever Elisa Loncon starts a conversation or a public speech, she first speaks in Mapudungun before continuing in Spanish.

Speaking a language that only a small fraction of the population can understand has an immediate political effect: it is when you do not understand a language that you hear it first. What one hears from outside, since one does not understand, necessarily strikes from within, since what resonates is an excluded language of which one is deprived. This, therefore, has a political effect in the long term because to be deprived of a language is to be deprived of the conditions necessary to be a subject – a subject who can answer for a story, for himself, and so himself. constitute a subject of law.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also Elisa Loncon, Mapuche native at the head of the Constituent Assembly, promises “a new Chile”

These words, these greetings, these thanks that Elisa Loncon has been saying for years in Mapudungun, on TV and on the radio, ended up acting in this way. Today – and from the day she was elected – we no longer speak only of including a certain number of seats for the original peoples in the Constituent Assembly, we also speak of the multiple languages ​​used by the multiple populations that make up part of Chile; we also and above all speak of language as a fundamental right.

We are therefore not in an inclusive perspective but in a re-founding perspective. By speaking several languages, Elisa Loncon does not seek only to obtain the recognition of the original peoples, this being done in fact in the language which, until then, has ignored them; it reminds us that it is through language that we become a subject and that we can acquire and establish rights.

Tackle the pillar of the political system

The proposal to change the Constitution in Chile was decided in November 2019, a month after the start of the social movement that exploded in Santiago. The “accord for peace and the new constitution”, as it has been baptized, has been endorsed by various political parties and movements, powerless to offer a response to the social movement. This proposal was therefore a response to a movement that attacked the political system as a whole and thus, tacitly, its pillar: the Constitution. The slogan for October 2019 was: “It is not thirty pesos but thirty years” suggesting that the cause of the social explosion was not the increase in the price of public transport but the thirty years of democratic transition which followed the Pinochet dictatorship (1973-1990).

You have 52.97% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1627346964) } [7]=> array(14) { ["title"]=> string(88) "“The Pegasus affair perfectly shows Europe’s weaknesses in terms of cyber attacks”" ["link"]=> string(99) "https://movs.world/the-pegasus-affair-perfectly-shows-europes-weaknesses-in-terms-of-cyber-attacks/" ["comments"]=> string(107) "https://movs.world/the-pegasus-affair-perfectly-shows-europes-weaknesses-in-terms-of-cyber-attacks/#respond" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(11) "Susan Hally" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Mon, 26 Jul 2021 02:07:53 +0000" ["category"]=> string(69) "OpinionsaffairattacksCyberEuropesPegasusperfectlyshowstermsweaknesses" ["guid"]=> string(99) "https://movs.world/the-pegasus-affair-perfectly-shows-europes-weaknesses-in-terms-of-cyber-attacks/" ["description"]=> string(90) "The website of the Israeli firm NSO, which created the Pegasus spyware. MARIO GOLDMAN /..." ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(3988) "

Acurrently, France and more generally Europe are undergoing massive cyber attacks. On the one hand, of the cyber espionage type, with in particular the Pegasus software, sold by the Israeli company NSO and used outside its legal framework, the cyber theft of technologies, for example by the APT31 structure (Advanced Persistent Threat, a permanent entity, often state , hackers), in this case, Chinese; and, on the other hand, cyber coercion, in particular ransomware attacks [logiciel rançonneur, de l’anglais « ransomware »] caused by cybercriminals enjoying a kind of impunity in Russia.

The Pegasus affair shows perfectly the weaknesses of Europe. It is a sophisticated application that enables “active” listening of consumer cell phones by injecting malware using an unknown flaw in the Apple (iOS) or Google (Android) operating system. Pegasus-type systems thus “bypass” the now generalized encryption of smartphone messaging systems such as WhatsApp or Signal.

Also listen Pegasus: at the heart of a global investigation into phone spying

From the 2015 attacks, we saw the use by Daesh of this encryption, which renders “classic” judicial listening systems inoperative. Hence the development, by States, of tools which may be essential in the fight against terrorism, but whose use has been totally misguided by certain countries in order to monitor opponents, journalists and politicians, French among others. It is precisely such a deviation that has occurred in the global commercialization by NSO of Pegasus, a tool initially developed by Israel to fight terrorism.

But, faced with this threat, we see that many states, especially the Europeans, have not developed this type of tool that new waves of terrorists could make essential. In this context, it would be in the national and European interest for France to master this type of technology. First, to be able to detect and neutralize them, and, if a major terrorist threat so required, to use them for this sole purpose, in a very controlled manner.

Loot our trade secrets

It is also essential that the European Union (EU) react to a telling aspect of the Pegasus scandal: the Israeli government has unofficially communicated about forcing NSO to block all use of its software against phones with international prefix in + 1 (United States); it is even advanced, on specialized forums, that the prefixes in + 7 (Russia) and + 86 (China) would also benefit from this leniency, which therefore protects from any intrusion the citizens of the first world power and probably those of its two Authoritarian challengers, endowed with powerful cyber-offensive abilities.

You have 73.73% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

" } ["wfw"]=> array(1) { ["commentrss"]=> string(104) "https://movs.world/the-pegasus-affair-perfectly-shows-europes-weaknesses-in-terms-of-cyber-attacks/feed/" } ["slash"]=> array(1) { ["comments"]=> string(1) "0" } ["summary"]=> string(90) "The website of the Israeli firm NSO, which created the Pegasus spyware. MARIO GOLDMAN /..." ["atom_content"]=> string(3988) "

Acurrently, France and more generally Europe are undergoing massive cyber attacks. On the one hand, of the cyber espionage type, with in particular the Pegasus software, sold by the Israeli company NSO and used outside its legal framework, the cyber theft of technologies, for example by the APT31 structure (Advanced Persistent Threat, a permanent entity, often state , hackers), in this case, Chinese; and, on the other hand, cyber coercion, in particular ransomware attacks [logiciel rançonneur, de l’anglais « ransomware »] caused by cybercriminals enjoying a kind of impunity in Russia.

The Pegasus affair shows perfectly the weaknesses of Europe. It is a sophisticated application that enables “active” listening of consumer cell phones by injecting malware using an unknown flaw in the Apple (iOS) or Google (Android) operating system. Pegasus-type systems thus “bypass” the now generalized encryption of smartphone messaging systems such as WhatsApp or Signal.

Also listen Pegasus: at the heart of a global investigation into phone spying

From the 2015 attacks, we saw the use by Daesh of this encryption, which renders “classic” judicial listening systems inoperative. Hence the development, by States, of tools which may be essential in the fight against terrorism, but whose use has been totally misguided by certain countries in order to monitor opponents, journalists and politicians, French among others. It is precisely such a deviation that has occurred in the global commercialization by NSO of Pegasus, a tool initially developed by Israel to fight terrorism.

But, faced with this threat, we see that many states, especially the Europeans, have not developed this type of tool that new waves of terrorists could make essential. In this context, it would be in the national and European interest for France to master this type of technology. First, to be able to detect and neutralize them, and, if a major terrorist threat so required, to use them for this sole purpose, in a very controlled manner.

Loot our trade secrets

It is also essential that the European Union (EU) react to a telling aspect of the Pegasus scandal: the Israeli government has unofficially communicated about forcing NSO to block all use of its software against phones with international prefix in + 1 (United States); it is even advanced, on specialized forums, that the prefixes in + 7 (Russia) and + 86 (China) would also benefit from this leniency, which therefore protects from any intrusion the citizens of the first world power and probably those of its two Authoritarian challengers, endowed with powerful cyber-offensive abilities.

You have 73.73% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1627265273) } [8]=> array(14) { ["title"]=> string(41) "After Tokyo, re-enchant the Olympic Games" ["link"]=> string(60) "https://movs.world/after-tokyo-re-enchant-the-olympic-games/" ["comments"]=> string(68) "https://movs.world/after-tokyo-re-enchant-the-olympic-games/#respond" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(11) "Susan Hally" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Sat, 24 Jul 2021 09:00:30 +0000" ["category"]=> string(34) "OpinionsgamesOlympicreenchantTokyo" ["guid"]=> string(60) "https://movs.world/after-tokyo-re-enchant-the-olympic-games/" ["description"]=> string(103) "Japanese tennis player Naomi Osaka, the last torchbearer, during the opening ceremony of the Olympic..." ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(5395) "

Editorial of the “World”. “The games of reconstruction”. When Tokyo was chosen in 2013 to host the XXXIIe Summer Olympics (Olympics), the slogan was imposed naturally, two years after the nuclear disaster in Fukushima. With this expression, then Prime Minister Shinzo Abe wanted the event to symbolize the rebirth of a region hard hit by the tsunami. But the pandemic ended up eclipsing the message. Between the postponement of one year of the competitions, the mistrust of the Japanese population, who has the feeling that these Olympics are organized in spite of themselves, and the events which will take place behind closed doors, the party is spoiled before having started.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also Tokyo 2021 Games start in an anxiety-provoking climate

However, reconstruction, the Olympics will never have needed so much. Tokyo will certainly be the scene of exceptional performances and emotional moments that only the Games are capable of generating. But we have to face the facts: the magic of Olympism no longer operates as before. The political instrumentalization of the event, the repeated scandals on doping and corruption, the growing influence of financial issues have ended up distorting the spirit of the Games. The famous motto of Baron Pierre de Coubertin, ” faster, higher, stronger “, recently modernized by the addition of the word “together”, has transformed into “more expensive, more contested, more political”.

Regarding costs, the race for gigantism has long since reached its limits. Since Montreal 1976, the financial year has turned into a financial nightmare for most of the host cities. Tokyo will not escape the rule with a near doubling of the planned budget, making it one of the most expensive editions in history. The health context has played a role, but it does not explain everything. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) had promised to curb the runaway by promoting the Games that are more sober, greener and more useful to the local population. It won’t be this time yet.

Burden and inconvenience

This drift is already having very concrete consequences. For a long time, the awarding of the Olympic Games was the subject of fierce competition. It’s over: the cities that will host the next three editions – Paris, Los Angeles and Brisbane – were alone in the running. The IOC wants to both select cities that already have infrastructure for financial and ecological reasons, but at the same time wishes to open up the Olympics to new countries. Squaring the circle.

Read also 2032 Olympics to be held in Australian city of Brisbane

Once a source of pride for the inhabitants of the selected metropolis, the event has become synonymous with burden and inconvenience. As for TV audiences, the main source of income for the Olympism, they are aging and declining.

The CIO is well aware that it is necessary to change before being changed by its environment. Skateboarding, surfing or rock climbing have already become Olympic disciplines to attract a younger audience. During his re-election to the presidency in March, the German Thomas Bach launched his Agenda 2020 + 5, a profession of faith made up of around fifteen heterogeneous recommendations supposed to further anchor Olympism in its time. The approach is commendable, but it remains vague and very general.

The Paris Games in 2024 will be a serious test to assess the sincerity of the IOC. The objective stated by Tony Estanguet, the president of the organizing committee, is to make Paris 2024, not the XXXIIIe edition of the Summer Games, but the first of a new cycle. It will certainly take more than three years to begin to re-enchant Olympism.

The world

" } ["wfw"]=> array(1) { ["commentrss"]=> string(65) "https://movs.world/after-tokyo-re-enchant-the-olympic-games/feed/" } ["slash"]=> array(1) { ["comments"]=> string(1) "0" } ["summary"]=> string(103) "Japanese tennis player Naomi Osaka, the last torchbearer, during the opening ceremony of the Olympic..." ["atom_content"]=> string(5395) "

Editorial of the “World”. “The games of reconstruction”. When Tokyo was chosen in 2013 to host the XXXIIe Summer Olympics (Olympics), the slogan was imposed naturally, two years after the nuclear disaster in Fukushima. With this expression, then Prime Minister Shinzo Abe wanted the event to symbolize the rebirth of a region hard hit by the tsunami. But the pandemic ended up eclipsing the message. Between the postponement of one year of the competitions, the mistrust of the Japanese population, who has the feeling that these Olympics are organized in spite of themselves, and the events which will take place behind closed doors, the party is spoiled before having started.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also Tokyo 2021 Games start in an anxiety-provoking climate

However, reconstruction, the Olympics will never have needed so much. Tokyo will certainly be the scene of exceptional performances and emotional moments that only the Games are capable of generating. But we have to face the facts: the magic of Olympism no longer operates as before. The political instrumentalization of the event, the repeated scandals on doping and corruption, the growing influence of financial issues have ended up distorting the spirit of the Games. The famous motto of Baron Pierre de Coubertin, ” faster, higher, stronger “, recently modernized by the addition of the word “together”, has transformed into “more expensive, more contested, more political”.

Regarding costs, the race for gigantism has long since reached its limits. Since Montreal 1976, the financial year has turned into a financial nightmare for most of the host cities. Tokyo will not escape the rule with a near doubling of the planned budget, making it one of the most expensive editions in history. The health context has played a role, but it does not explain everything. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) had promised to curb the runaway by promoting the Games that are more sober, greener and more useful to the local population. It won’t be this time yet.

Burden and inconvenience

This drift is already having very concrete consequences. For a long time, the awarding of the Olympic Games was the subject of fierce competition. It’s over: the cities that will host the next three editions – Paris, Los Angeles and Brisbane – were alone in the running. The IOC wants to both select cities that already have infrastructure for financial and ecological reasons, but at the same time wishes to open up the Olympics to new countries. Squaring the circle.

Read also 2032 Olympics to be held in Australian city of Brisbane

Once a source of pride for the inhabitants of the selected metropolis, the event has become synonymous with burden and inconvenience. As for TV audiences, the main source of income for the Olympism, they are aging and declining.

The CIO is well aware that it is necessary to change before being changed by its environment. Skateboarding, surfing or rock climbing have already become Olympic disciplines to attract a younger audience. During his re-election to the presidency in March, the German Thomas Bach launched his Agenda 2020 + 5, a profession of faith made up of around fifteen heterogeneous recommendations supposed to further anchor Olympism in its time. The approach is commendable, but it remains vague and very general.

The Paris Games in 2024 will be a serious test to assess the sincerity of the IOC. The objective stated by Tony Estanguet, the president of the organizing committee, is to make Paris 2024, not the XXXIIIe edition of the Summer Games, but the first of a new cycle. It will certainly take more than three years to begin to re-enchant Olympism.

The world

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1627117230) } [9]=> array(14) { ["title"]=> string(64) "“Sport and access to sport are a real lifeline for refugees”" ["link"]=> string(78) "https://movs.world/sport-and-access-to-sport-are-a-real-lifeline-for-refugees/" ["comments"]=> string(86) "https://movs.world/sport-and-access-to-sport-are-a-real-lifeline-for-refugees/#respond" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(11) "Susan Hally" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Fri, 23 Jul 2021 03:19:06 +0000" ["category"]=> string(39) "Opinionsaccesslifelinerealrefugeessport" ["guid"]=> string(78) "https://movs.world/sport-and-access-to-sport-are-a-real-lifeline-for-refugees/" ["description"]=> string(93) "Afghan refugee Masomah Ali Zada, a road cyclist, arrives for training at the World Cycling..." ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(3875) "

JI took part in my first bike race during a competition between schools in my neighborhood. Before that, I didn’t know that girls could participate. In Afghanistan, where I come from, it is too risky for women to ride a bicycle. I have tried other sports, like basketball, taekwondo, and volleyball, but they are played in closed spaces, like gyms.

With cycling, I could go anywhere, where I wanted and when I wanted. I love being outdoors, it gives me a real feeling of liberation. Sport has taken me to places I never thought I would go. In Afghanistan, when you see a young girl on a bicycle, it’s strange and unusual. People are heavily influenced by what the authorities say. According to them, women do not have the right to work, study or play sports. Many Afghans simply accepted it; not my father.

Archive : Olympics 2016: in Greece, the flame is extinguished at the Elaionas refugee camp

My father thinks women should be free to make their own choices. He is convinced that a woman can work, have access to education and be independent. In our family, we are three sisters and my father always encouraged us to continue our studies, to play sports, to be determined young girls. Even when the neighborhood thought my parents should have been ashamed of us.

Perseverance

With my sister, we have set up a women’s cycling club. We wanted to normalize the discipline for women in Afghanistan, showing them that riding a bicycle is completely normal and good for them. They are now over 40. When I started cycling, I was warned that it would be dangerous. However, I never imagined it could be so.

When we went to other towns, some locals saw it as their responsibility to prevent us from cycling. Sometimes they knocked us down, insulted us. Every girl who rode a bicycle in Afghanistan has experienced this. I then stopped training alone. I was always accompanied by men.

Read also “I want to film the athletes in their suffering, which they have endured recently”: Naomi Kawase, the eye of the Olympics

We were a group of girls in the middle and they positioned themselves all around us. They were hiding eyes from us, while the coach followed in his car. There are so many times when I wanted to stop cycling … But I was like: “If you give up, they’ll see it’s too dangerous.” They will see that it is not safe for women to participate. “ So I persevered.

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JI took part in my first bike race during a competition between schools in my neighborhood. Before that, I didn’t know that girls could participate. In Afghanistan, where I come from, it is too risky for women to ride a bicycle. I have tried other sports, like basketball, taekwondo, and volleyball, but they are played in closed spaces, like gyms.

With cycling, I could go anywhere, where I wanted and when I wanted. I love being outdoors, it gives me a real feeling of liberation. Sport has taken me to places I never thought I would go. In Afghanistan, when you see a young girl on a bicycle, it’s strange and unusual. People are heavily influenced by what the authorities say. According to them, women do not have the right to work, study or play sports. Many Afghans simply accepted it; not my father.

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My father thinks women should be free to make their own choices. He is convinced that a woman can work, have access to education and be independent. In our family, we are three sisters and my father always encouraged us to continue our studies, to play sports, to be determined young girls. Even when the neighborhood thought my parents should have been ashamed of us.

Perseverance

With my sister, we have set up a women’s cycling club. We wanted to normalize the discipline for women in Afghanistan, showing them that riding a bicycle is completely normal and good for them. They are now over 40. When I started cycling, I was warned that it would be dangerous. However, I never imagined it could be so.

When we went to other towns, some locals saw it as their responsibility to prevent us from cycling. Sometimes they knocked us down, insulted us. Every girl who rode a bicycle in Afghanistan has experienced this. I then stopped training alone. I was always accompanied by men.

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We were a group of girls in the middle and they positioned themselves all around us. They were hiding eyes from us, while the coach followed in his car. There are so many times when I wanted to stop cycling … But I was like: “If you give up, they’ll see it’s too dangerous.” They will see that it is not safe for women to participate. “ So I persevered.

You have 53.18% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

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