OK: Found an XML parser.
OK: Support for GZIP encoding.
OK: Support for character munging.

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Example Output

Channel: BBC-Edition

RSS URL:

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    array(14) {
      ["title"]=>
      string(45) "“In the United States, the crash is here”"
      ["link"]=>
      string(69) "https://bbc-edition.com/money/in-the-united-states-the-crash-is-here/"
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      string(77) "https://bbc-edition.com/money/in-the-united-states-the-crash-is-here/#respond"
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        ["creator"]=>
        string(15) "Michael Johnson"
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      string(31) "Mon, 24 Jan 2022 19:29:20 +0000"
      ["category"]=>
      string(22) "MoneycrashStatesUnited"
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      ["description"]=>
      string(542) "On Wall Street, January 21, 2022. COURTNEY CROW / AP Chronic. The French do not know it yet, protected from the jolts of the financial markets by the money printing of the European Central Bank (ECB) and by the French budget deficits, but the crash is there. Wall Street is experiencing a serious thaw and ... Read more"
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Chronic. The French do not know it yet, protected from the jolts of the financial markets by the money printing of the European Central Bank (ECB) and by the French budget deficits, but the crash is there. Wall Street is experiencing a serious thaw and experienced its worst week from January 18 to 21 since the start of the pandemic. The decline is no longer sparing technology stars (Apple, Amazon, Netflix, etc.), and the Nasdaq has lost more than 15% since its peak in November 2021. The general S&P 500 index is down nearly 8%, with no good news in sight.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers Severe correction on Wall Street

Ah yes: the phenomenon should delight the slayers of billionaires. According to the Bloomberg agency, Elon Musk (Tesla) lost nearly 100 billion dollars, his fortune having fallen from 338 billion in November to 243 billion on January 21. Jeff Bezos, boss of Amazon, has “melted” 45 billion and only holds 177 billion. For Bill Gates, the drop is 25 billion dollars (with an estimated fortune of 129 billion). Since 1is January 2022, the first ten billionaires on the planet have lost 125 billion dollars, or 9% of their fortune, without anything changing on the planet. They had earned 402 billion in 2021.

In any crash, you end up finding a winner. Warren Buffett, owner of Berkshire Hathaway, is doing well: the wise Omaha investor in traditional stocks (plus Apple) had performed poorly during the pandemic. But these resist better in periods of rising interest rates. Slowly, the “turtle” Buffett is catching up with the “hares” of Wall Street, in particular Cathie Wood, star of recent years for having invested in hypergrowth stocks, boosted by free money and the pandemic. His ARKK fund has halved in a year, with the end of rampant speculation, the receding pandemic and the prospect of rising rates (tomorrow’s dividends and therefore stocks are worth less if the discount rate rises ).

The stock market opens its eyes

The impoverishment of billionaires does not make anyone richer. Rather, the case threatens to flush out stock marketers, who had found their way to Wall Street through forced pandemic savings, and eat away at Americans’ retirement funds. This is likely to aggravate the sluggishness of households, already depressed by inflation (7% in December) which is reducing real wages (down 2.3% annually). Maintaining consumption is therefore not guaranteed.

You have 39.16% of this article left to read. The following is for subscribers only.

" } ["wfw"]=> array(1) { ["commentrss"]=> string(74) "https://bbc-edition.com/money/in-the-united-states-the-crash-is-here/feed/" } ["slash"]=> array(1) { ["comments"]=> string(1) "0" } ["summary"]=> string(542) "On Wall Street, January 21, 2022. COURTNEY CROW / AP Chronic. The French do not know it yet, protected from the jolts of the financial markets by the money printing of the European Central Bank (ECB) and by the French budget deficits, but the crash is there. Wall Street is experiencing a serious thaw and ... Read more" ["atom_content"]=> string(3660) "

Chronic. The French do not know it yet, protected from the jolts of the financial markets by the money printing of the European Central Bank (ECB) and by the French budget deficits, but the crash is there. Wall Street is experiencing a serious thaw and experienced its worst week from January 18 to 21 since the start of the pandemic. The decline is no longer sparing technology stars (Apple, Amazon, Netflix, etc.), and the Nasdaq has lost more than 15% since its peak in November 2021. The general S&P 500 index is down nearly 8%, with no good news in sight.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers Severe correction on Wall Street

Ah yes: the phenomenon should delight the slayers of billionaires. According to the Bloomberg agency, Elon Musk (Tesla) lost nearly 100 billion dollars, his fortune having fallen from 338 billion in November to 243 billion on January 21. Jeff Bezos, boss of Amazon, has “melted” 45 billion and only holds 177 billion. For Bill Gates, the drop is 25 billion dollars (with an estimated fortune of 129 billion). Since 1is January 2022, the first ten billionaires on the planet have lost 125 billion dollars, or 9% of their fortune, without anything changing on the planet. They had earned 402 billion in 2021.

In any crash, you end up finding a winner. Warren Buffett, owner of Berkshire Hathaway, is doing well: the wise Omaha investor in traditional stocks (plus Apple) had performed poorly during the pandemic. But these resist better in periods of rising interest rates. Slowly, the “turtle” Buffett is catching up with the “hares” of Wall Street, in particular Cathie Wood, star of recent years for having invested in hypergrowth stocks, boosted by free money and the pandemic. His ARKK fund has halved in a year, with the end of rampant speculation, the receding pandemic and the prospect of rising rates (tomorrow’s dividends and therefore stocks are worth less if the discount rate rises ).

The stock market opens its eyes

The impoverishment of billionaires does not make anyone richer. Rather, the case threatens to flush out stock marketers, who had found their way to Wall Street through forced pandemic savings, and eat away at Americans’ retirement funds. This is likely to aggravate the sluggishness of households, already depressed by inflation (7% in December) which is reducing real wages (down 2.3% annually). Maintaining consumption is therefore not guaranteed.

You have 39.16% of this article left to read. The following is for subscribers only.

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1643052560) } [1]=> array(14) { ["title"]=> string(87) "Infected then vaccinated with two doses, why does my vaccination pass show an end date?" ["link"]=> string(124) "https://bbc-edition.com/international/infected-then-vaccinated-with-two-doses-why-does-my-vaccination-pass-show-an-end-date/" ["comments"]=> string(132) "https://bbc-edition.com/international/infected-then-vaccinated-with-two-doses-why-does-my-vaccination-pass-show-an-end-date/#respond" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(12) "Harry Rivers" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Mon, 24 Jan 2022 19:14:33 +0000" ["category"]=> string(59) "InternationaldatedosesInfectedpassShowvaccinatedvaccination" ["guid"]=> string(124) "https://bbc-edition.com/international/infected-then-vaccinated-with-two-doses-why-does-my-vaccination-pass-show-an-end-date/" ["description"]=> string(722) "Several million French people initially received a single dose of the vaccine. The reason ? They were contaminated before or just after this first injection. Those among them who have received their booster dose now have a complete vaccination schedule, entitling them to the vaccination pass. This came into force on Monday, replacing the health ... Read more" ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(3359) "

Several million French people initially received a single dose of the vaccine. The reason ? They were contaminated before or just after this first injection. Those among them who have received their booster dose now have a complete vaccination schedule, entitling them to the vaccination pass. This came into force on Monday, replacing the health pass.

Except that their pass may display an end date 7 months after the last injection, suggesting that they will need a second reminder by then. Several witnesses have sent us their questions on this subject.

Contacted, the Directorate General of Health confirms this observation. This “is linked to the fact that this (booster) injection cannot be technically decorrelated from a complete initial two-dose cycle. Clearly, the second dose received by these French people who have been infected is not understood to be a booster dose, and it is displayed 2/2 in the Tous Anti Covid application. The system therefore understands that a third dose of vaccine will be necessary within seven months, and this period will even be reduced to four months from February 15.

New certificate to download

Don’t worry though, a solution is planned. From February 1, if you are still concerned, you will need to go to the social security site to download a new certificate in 2/1 format. “Without this new certificate, the second dose will not be considered a booster dose and will expire after 7 months after the date of injection”, indicates the General Directorate of Health.

If you have told the healthcare professional that you have been infected in the past on the day you were vaccinated, everything will work automatically. Otherwise, you will not be able to retrieve a new certificate in 2/2 format. The General Directorate of Health then recommends that you “contact a vaccination center, a health professional or Health Insurance to request a certificate in 2/1 on February 1”. But you will still need to have proof that you have tested positive.

Otherwise, you will have no choice but to receive a third dose at least three months after the second. But don’t worry: you won’t risk anything for your health. Many French people have also received three doses while having been infected… but asymptomatic, and without having tested positive.

" } ["wfw"]=> array(1) { ["commentrss"]=> string(129) "https://bbc-edition.com/international/infected-then-vaccinated-with-two-doses-why-does-my-vaccination-pass-show-an-end-date/feed/" } ["slash"]=> array(1) { ["comments"]=> string(1) "0" } ["summary"]=> string(722) "Several million French people initially received a single dose of the vaccine. The reason ? They were contaminated before or just after this first injection. Those among them who have received their booster dose now have a complete vaccination schedule, entitling them to the vaccination pass. This came into force on Monday, replacing the health ... Read more" ["atom_content"]=> string(3359) "

Several million French people initially received a single dose of the vaccine. The reason ? They were contaminated before or just after this first injection. Those among them who have received their booster dose now have a complete vaccination schedule, entitling them to the vaccination pass. This came into force on Monday, replacing the health pass.

Except that their pass may display an end date 7 months after the last injection, suggesting that they will need a second reminder by then. Several witnesses have sent us their questions on this subject.

Contacted, the Directorate General of Health confirms this observation. This “is linked to the fact that this (booster) injection cannot be technically decorrelated from a complete initial two-dose cycle. Clearly, the second dose received by these French people who have been infected is not understood to be a booster dose, and it is displayed 2/2 in the Tous Anti Covid application. The system therefore understands that a third dose of vaccine will be necessary within seven months, and this period will even be reduced to four months from February 15.

New certificate to download

Don’t worry though, a solution is planned. From February 1, if you are still concerned, you will need to go to the social security site to download a new certificate in 2/1 format. “Without this new certificate, the second dose will not be considered a booster dose and will expire after 7 months after the date of injection”, indicates the General Directorate of Health.

If you have told the healthcare professional that you have been infected in the past on the day you were vaccinated, everything will work automatically. Otherwise, you will not be able to retrieve a new certificate in 2/2 format. The General Directorate of Health then recommends that you “contact a vaccination center, a health professional or Health Insurance to request a certificate in 2/1 on February 1”. But you will still need to have proof that you have tested positive.

Otherwise, you will have no choice but to receive a third dose at least three months after the second. But don’t worry: you won’t risk anything for your health. Many French people have also received three doses while having been infected… but asymptomatic, and without having tested positive.

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1643051673) } [2]=> array(14) { ["title"]=> string(60) "8 ways a hobby makes you better at your day job | Lifestyle" ["link"]=> string(90) "https://bbc-edition.com/hobbies/8-ways-a-hobby-makes-you-better-at-your-day-job-lifestyle/" ["comments"]=> string(98) "https://bbc-edition.com/hobbies/8-ways-a-hobby-makes-you-better-at-your-day-job-lifestyle/#respond" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(12) "Harry Rivers" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Mon, 24 Jan 2022 18:55:26 +0000" ["category"]=> string(31) "HobbiesdayhobbyjobLifestyleWays" ["guid"]=> string(90) "https://bbc-edition.com/hobbies/8-ways-a-hobby-makes-you-better-at-your-day-job-lifestyle/" ["description"]=> string(600) "Work is much more than work. Do you feel stressed, overworked or overwhelmed? There is a simple solution that can bring more happiness to your life and improve your working life. find a hobby Having a passion in life that is equal to (if not greater than) your job can enhance your professional life in ... Read more" ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(6934) "

Work is much more than work.

Do you feel stressed, overworked or overwhelmed? There is a simple solution that can bring more happiness to your life and improve your working life.

find a hobby

Having a passion in life that is equal to (if not greater than) your job can enhance your professional life in incredible ways. I speak from experience: In my own life, my hobby of photography has been a lifesaver in helping me achieve balance in my career. Not only has switching to photography provided me with personal satisfaction, but it has also taught me creative and problem-solving skills that have actively helped me advance my career. It has also provided me with a much needed respite from the daily grind.

Below, I share some ways in which my love of photography has made me improve in my daily work; though these benefits are pretty universal for hobbies and careers of all kinds.

1. It makes you more interesting

If you only care about work and nothing else, chances are you’re not a dynamic person that people want to relate to: you’re probably just another boring workaholic.

A hobby can help you have a conversation and connect with people on a level that goes beyond business.

2. It can increase your creativity

One of the biggest benefits of having a hobby is that it makes you more creative. This increased creativity can have a number of positive effects when it comes to your profession.

For example, if I take the time to go out into nature and take photos, I have to make a whole series of creative decisions. How should I crop that photo? From what angle should I take it? Having the ability to solve problems in such a pleasurable way can bring a new perspective to my work as well, allowing me to come up with solutions creatively and constructively when needed.

How to turn your hobby into your job

3. It can help you unwind

Having a hobby allows you to disconnect from work. Believe it or not, more work is not necessarily better. Constantly checking email doesn’t make you any better at your job, and sometimes a break is needed to constructively look back at your work and increase productivity. This fits perfectly with the next point…

4. Allows you to restart

How many times in your life have you wished you had a “reset” button? Unfortunately, it doesn’t exist (yet), but a hobby is the closest thing.

When I get lost in the minutiae of being an entrepreneur, and then take a break and dedicate some time to photography, I have the ability to set aside my work for a short period of time. When I come back to it, the projects I was putting off or not doing my best work on suddenly seem so much easier.

5. It allows you to be true to yourself

We may not all end up being dancers, firefighters or whatever we dreamed of being as children. But that doesn’t mean you can’t keep doing what you love.

As adults, we don’t necessarily have opportunities to find ourselves, so we have to take advantage of them. A hobby is a good opportunity to find the time and space you need to really connect with yourself and continue to grow as a person.

6. Provides a broader view of the world

Even if you work in a large industry, your professional field is finite in scope and viewpoints. Having a hobby can serve as a powerful reminder that there is a big world out there.

I love my work. Yet even when you love your job, it’s common to feel trapped at times, forgetting about the rest of the world that keeps moving forward. For me, photography allows me to reconnect with the world, with nature, with people and with something bigger than myself. It helps me develop a broader view of the world, and this prevents me from boxing myself professionally, both in terms of my thinking and my travels.

How Finding a Hobby Will Make You a Better Entrepreneur

7. Create connections

If your life revolves around work, things can get pretty lonely. A hobby can help you connect not only with yourself, but also with others.

Hobbies allow you to create a community. For example, if you’re a parent, maybe your hobby is making model trains with your child, which creates a deeper bond and connection. If you work alone, perhaps making yoga your hobby allows you to connect with others and make friends, since you don’t have a community of co-workers. Personally, I usually take photos on the trips I take with friends.

Connection is a powerful thing that enriches your life. A better quality of life means greater happiness in general, which will serve you well at work and beyond.

8. Motivate

Staying motivated can be difficult. As an entrepreneur, it can be especially difficult, simply because of the level of self-motivation you need every minute of every day. It can be a lot of pressure, and you can’t run on empty forever.

Photography is a way to escape the need for self-motivation for a short period of time. In a way, it helps me fill up my reserves, making me stronger emotionally and mentally. By taking time to recharge, I can approach my work with a renewed sense of motivation and clarity.

Having a hobby enriches your life, gives you vitality and gives you a sense of identity and purpose.

These things can have a powerful ripple effect on your personal and professional life. By developing and cultivating hobbies that interest you, you can experience all of these benefits and more.

" } ["wfw"]=> array(1) { ["commentrss"]=> string(95) "https://bbc-edition.com/hobbies/8-ways-a-hobby-makes-you-better-at-your-day-job-lifestyle/feed/" } ["slash"]=> array(1) { ["comments"]=> string(1) "0" } ["summary"]=> string(600) "Work is much more than work. Do you feel stressed, overworked or overwhelmed? There is a simple solution that can bring more happiness to your life and improve your working life. find a hobby Having a passion in life that is equal to (if not greater than) your job can enhance your professional life in ... Read more" ["atom_content"]=> string(6934) "

Work is much more than work.

Do you feel stressed, overworked or overwhelmed? There is a simple solution that can bring more happiness to your life and improve your working life.

find a hobby

Having a passion in life that is equal to (if not greater than) your job can enhance your professional life in incredible ways. I speak from experience: In my own life, my hobby of photography has been a lifesaver in helping me achieve balance in my career. Not only has switching to photography provided me with personal satisfaction, but it has also taught me creative and problem-solving skills that have actively helped me advance my career. It has also provided me with a much needed respite from the daily grind.

Below, I share some ways in which my love of photography has made me improve in my daily work; though these benefits are pretty universal for hobbies and careers of all kinds.

1. It makes you more interesting

If you only care about work and nothing else, chances are you’re not a dynamic person that people want to relate to: you’re probably just another boring workaholic.

A hobby can help you have a conversation and connect with people on a level that goes beyond business.

2. It can increase your creativity

One of the biggest benefits of having a hobby is that it makes you more creative. This increased creativity can have a number of positive effects when it comes to your profession.

For example, if I take the time to go out into nature and take photos, I have to make a whole series of creative decisions. How should I crop that photo? From what angle should I take it? Having the ability to solve problems in such a pleasurable way can bring a new perspective to my work as well, allowing me to come up with solutions creatively and constructively when needed.

How to turn your hobby into your job

3. It can help you unwind

Having a hobby allows you to disconnect from work. Believe it or not, more work is not necessarily better. Constantly checking email doesn’t make you any better at your job, and sometimes a break is needed to constructively look back at your work and increase productivity. This fits perfectly with the next point…

4. Allows you to restart

How many times in your life have you wished you had a “reset” button? Unfortunately, it doesn’t exist (yet), but a hobby is the closest thing.

When I get lost in the minutiae of being an entrepreneur, and then take a break and dedicate some time to photography, I have the ability to set aside my work for a short period of time. When I come back to it, the projects I was putting off or not doing my best work on suddenly seem so much easier.

5. It allows you to be true to yourself

We may not all end up being dancers, firefighters or whatever we dreamed of being as children. But that doesn’t mean you can’t keep doing what you love.

As adults, we don’t necessarily have opportunities to find ourselves, so we have to take advantage of them. A hobby is a good opportunity to find the time and space you need to really connect with yourself and continue to grow as a person.

6. Provides a broader view of the world

Even if you work in a large industry, your professional field is finite in scope and viewpoints. Having a hobby can serve as a powerful reminder that there is a big world out there.

I love my work. Yet even when you love your job, it’s common to feel trapped at times, forgetting about the rest of the world that keeps moving forward. For me, photography allows me to reconnect with the world, with nature, with people and with something bigger than myself. It helps me develop a broader view of the world, and this prevents me from boxing myself professionally, both in terms of my thinking and my travels.

How Finding a Hobby Will Make You a Better Entrepreneur

7. Create connections

If your life revolves around work, things can get pretty lonely. A hobby can help you connect not only with yourself, but also with others.

Hobbies allow you to create a community. For example, if you’re a parent, maybe your hobby is making model trains with your child, which creates a deeper bond and connection. If you work alone, perhaps making yoga your hobby allows you to connect with others and make friends, since you don’t have a community of co-workers. Personally, I usually take photos on the trips I take with friends.

Connection is a powerful thing that enriches your life. A better quality of life means greater happiness in general, which will serve you well at work and beyond.

8. Motivate

Staying motivated can be difficult. As an entrepreneur, it can be especially difficult, simply because of the level of self-motivation you need every minute of every day. It can be a lot of pressure, and you can’t run on empty forever.

Photography is a way to escape the need for self-motivation for a short period of time. In a way, it helps me fill up my reserves, making me stronger emotionally and mentally. By taking time to recharge, I can approach my work with a renewed sense of motivation and clarity.

Having a hobby enriches your life, gives you vitality and gives you a sense of identity and purpose.

These things can have a powerful ripple effect on your personal and professional life. By developing and cultivating hobbies that interest you, you can experience all of these benefits and more.

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1643050526) } [3]=> array(14) { ["title"]=> string(89) "should we be worried about soaring prices in the euro zone? Five questions to understand" ["link"]=> string(118) "https://bbc-edition.com/money/should-we-be-worried-about-soaring-prices-in-the-euro-zone-five-questions-to-understand/" ["comments"]=> string(126) "https://bbc-edition.com/money/should-we-be-worried-about-soaring-prices-in-the-euro-zone-five-questions-to-understand/#respond" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(15) "Michael Johnson" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Mon, 24 Jan 2022 18:32:25 +0000" ["category"]=> string(52) "MoneyEuropricesquestionssoaringunderstandworriedzone" ["guid"]=> string(118) "https://bbc-edition.com/money/should-we-be-worried-about-soaring-prices-in-the-euro-zone-five-questions-to-understand/" ["description"]=> string(690) "Signs denouncing the rise in prices, during a demonstration in front of the Ministry of Economy and Finance, in Paris, on December 18, 2018. ALAIN JOCARD / AFP Western economies had not recorded such figures for several decades. In December 2021, the inflation rate in the euro zone rose to 5% over one year, unheard ... Read more" ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(13113) "

Western economies had not recorded such figures for several decades. In December 2021, the inflation rate in the euro zone rose to 5% over one year, unheard of since the creation of the European statistics office Eurostat, in 1997. The same is true across the Channel, where the Inflation is at its highest for thirty years, and even more so in the United States, where consumer prices increased by 7% in 2021, a rate that the country had not seen since 1982.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers Inflation in the euro zone at its highest for thirty years

Several economists, particularly in the United States, are now worried about a lasting rise in prices. While the European Central Bank (ECB) continues to speak of a temporary phenomenon, it has nevertheless raised its inflation forecast for 2022 to 3.2%, twice what it forecast three months ago. Should we be worried about the current situation? Explanations.

How is inflation measured?

Statistical institutes rely on a “basket” of several hundred goods and services consumed by households, ranging from food products to subscription to a streaming platform.

To calculate the consumer price index, they carry out weightings in this basket, in order to give more weight to the goods and services which are consumed more by the households. Energy prices thus have more weight than those of postage stamps (in Europe, they represent 9.5% of the basket). If the resulting price index increases compared to the previous year, it is called inflation. However, this is an average: not all households consume exactly the same products and services in the same proportions, and the rise in prices therefore does not affect them all in the same way.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers Faced with price increases, the less well-off are adapting their lifestyles

Each country has its own weightings, but, in the euro zone, a “harmonised” index is calculated in order to be able to compare the figures – hence the different figures between Insee and Eurostat. The inflation rate for the euro zone is itself an average of the rates by country, and hides significant disparities.

Is the current situation exceptional?

If we go back to before the creation of the euro, these 2021 inflation rates are nothing new. In France, for example, it was 10.1% per year on average between the end of the Second World War and the 1980s, according to INSEE. But it was accompanied until the 1970s by sustained growth and low unemployment. The objective of contained inflation is only imposed after the oil shocks and a decade of high unemployment, coupled with a sharp rise in prices.

In the 1990s, this control of prices became one of the convergence criteria with which States had to comply in order to be able to join the European monetary economic union. Today the mainstay of the euro zone economy, price stability – and therefore currency stability – is the main objective of the ECB, enshrined in the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.

From 2003, the institution chose to introduce an inflation target “close to, but less than, 2%”, and held it so far. Since the creation of the euro zone, never has a peak such as that recorded in 2021 been observed, not even during the 2008 crisis.

What is the reason for the price increase recorded in 2021?

The inflation rate is calculated in relation to the previous year, but the year 2020 was exceptional. Due to the crisis and the total shutdown of many economies, inflation has been particularly low. In the United States, it plunged from 2.5% in January 2020 to 0.5% in April. Same phenomenon in the euro zone, where prices even fell in the second quarter of 2020.

Read also Gas in Europe: four questions to understand the surge in prices and its consequences

In 2021, the recovery has been strong and rapid in all economies. Oil prices rose from 20 dollars (17.63 euros) per barrel in April 2020 to more than 85 dollars (75 euros) in October 2021. Due to geopolitical tensions and supply difficulties, gas prices have also experienced dizzying increases, dragging electricity prices down in their wake. According to ECB President Christine Lagarde, these increases in energy costs explain 50% of inflation in 2021.

Added to this are persistent tensions on the price of raw materials, production and transport capacities. The global economic recovery has come up against major supply difficulties which have generated shortages and therefore, mechanically, price increases. The latter seem all the higher when compared to those, abnormally low, of 2020. If we instead compare the prices of 2021 to those of 2019, we obtain inflation about two times lower, notes the French Observatory of economic conditions (OFCE).

Read also From microchips to plastic: the reasons for a global shortage

What are the consequences of this return to inflation?

The effects of inflation are not uniform except when it spirals out of control. Often a sign of a growing economy, the corollary of falling unemployment and rising wages, inflation can ease borrowers’ debt, but also discourage saving, generate uncertainty and slow investments, undermining the competitiveness of companies, etc.

If it arouses concern today, it is above all because its first consequence is to reduce the value of the currency and, thereby, to significantly erode the purchasing power of consumers. This phenomenon is observed everywhere in Europe and in the United States, and is felt all the more since the rise in prices concerns above all everyday products, such as energy or food (inflation driven by the prices of cars or technological products, which are purchased more occasionally, are not felt in the same way by citizens).

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers Presidential election 2022: purchasing power, key issue of the campaign

This effect on purchasing power could be mitigated with wage increases. This is what was done in France until 1983, with salaries, in particular those of civil servants, indexed to the increase in prices. This is no longer the case today. In France, as elsewhere in Europe and the United States, negotiations between unions and employers are multiplying to obtain increases in remuneration which would, at least in part, offset the rise in prices. States are also taking numerous measures to help households financially.

“On a plan of economic balance, we would be completely in favor of wages increasing”, said Christine Lagarde, Thursday, January 19. The latest figures available on wages did not show an increase equivalent to that of prices, and the next ones will be scrutinized closely. While the increases are necessary to avoid impoverishment, economists also fear the creation of a “price-wage loop”: a spiral in which rising prices lead to higher wages, which in turn lead to higher prices, thus fueling inflation.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers In Belgium, high inflation revives the debate on automatic wage indexation

Will the central banks act to reduce the level of inflation?

The fact that inflation exceeds 2% is not a problem in itself: no intangible mathematical rule asserts that 2% is systematically better for an economy than 3% or 5%. The question is whether the rise in prices is sustainable, and whether it is manageable.

In the United States, the American Federal Reserve (Fed), at the end of 2021, stopped talking about a transitory phenomenon and announced that it would take measures in 2022 to curb inflation, in particular by increasing its key rate – in proportions that have yet to be defined – to curb activity.

However, the American situation is not the same as that of the euro zone. The rise in prices is greater and more diffuse there, and wages are rising, which raises fears of a runaway that would make inflation lasting. The country is also facing a serious shortage of labour, which makes it more difficult for businesses to meet demand boosted by the financial aid distributed to households during the crisis.

In the euro zone, concerns are expressed above all in Germany, where the principles of ordoliberalism, which makes price and currency stability a condition of the economic order, are the foundation of monetary institutions.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers In Germany, economists fear above all the fear of inflation

But the ECB moved away from the strict 2% target, saying in the summer of 2021 that it was no longer seen as a ceiling. It continues to expect a temporary phenomenon and a return to normal in the course of 2023. According to it, inflation will slow if oil prices stabilize and if supply problems resolve – two factors on which it has not the hand. Predictions are tricky, however. Economists had not anticipated that the production and delivery difficulties would last so long, and it is difficult to say when global economic activity will return to its pre-crisis course, or even if it will return to it. Many are also concerned that energy prices will remain a structural problem in the years to come.

For the time being, the ECB does not plan to intervene by raising its key rates in 2022. “We cannot act immediately. If I raise interest rates, this will have an effect within six to nine months, the time it will go down the financing chain. But we are slowing down growth”, explained the President of the ECB on France Inter. This is indeed the whole dilemma of the central bankers, who do not seem ready to give priority to the strict control of inflation over the preservation of a still fragile economic recovery.

Read the editorial: Preparing to live with inflation

" } ["wfw"]=> array(1) { ["commentrss"]=> string(123) "https://bbc-edition.com/money/should-we-be-worried-about-soaring-prices-in-the-euro-zone-five-questions-to-understand/feed/" } ["slash"]=> array(1) { ["comments"]=> string(1) "0" } ["summary"]=> string(690) "Signs denouncing the rise in prices, during a demonstration in front of the Ministry of Economy and Finance, in Paris, on December 18, 2018. ALAIN JOCARD / AFP Western economies had not recorded such figures for several decades. In December 2021, the inflation rate in the euro zone rose to 5% over one year, unheard ... Read more" ["atom_content"]=> string(13113) "

Western economies had not recorded such figures for several decades. In December 2021, the inflation rate in the euro zone rose to 5% over one year, unheard of since the creation of the European statistics office Eurostat, in 1997. The same is true across the Channel, where the Inflation is at its highest for thirty years, and even more so in the United States, where consumer prices increased by 7% in 2021, a rate that the country had not seen since 1982.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers Inflation in the euro zone at its highest for thirty years

Several economists, particularly in the United States, are now worried about a lasting rise in prices. While the European Central Bank (ECB) continues to speak of a temporary phenomenon, it has nevertheless raised its inflation forecast for 2022 to 3.2%, twice what it forecast three months ago. Should we be worried about the current situation? Explanations.

How is inflation measured?

Statistical institutes rely on a “basket” of several hundred goods and services consumed by households, ranging from food products to subscription to a streaming platform.

To calculate the consumer price index, they carry out weightings in this basket, in order to give more weight to the goods and services which are consumed more by the households. Energy prices thus have more weight than those of postage stamps (in Europe, they represent 9.5% of the basket). If the resulting price index increases compared to the previous year, it is called inflation. However, this is an average: not all households consume exactly the same products and services in the same proportions, and the rise in prices therefore does not affect them all in the same way.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers Faced with price increases, the less well-off are adapting their lifestyles

Each country has its own weightings, but, in the euro zone, a “harmonised” index is calculated in order to be able to compare the figures – hence the different figures between Insee and Eurostat. The inflation rate for the euro zone is itself an average of the rates by country, and hides significant disparities.

Is the current situation exceptional?

If we go back to before the creation of the euro, these 2021 inflation rates are nothing new. In France, for example, it was 10.1% per year on average between the end of the Second World War and the 1980s, according to INSEE. But it was accompanied until the 1970s by sustained growth and low unemployment. The objective of contained inflation is only imposed after the oil shocks and a decade of high unemployment, coupled with a sharp rise in prices.

In the 1990s, this control of prices became one of the convergence criteria with which States had to comply in order to be able to join the European monetary economic union. Today the mainstay of the euro zone economy, price stability – and therefore currency stability – is the main objective of the ECB, enshrined in the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.

From 2003, the institution chose to introduce an inflation target “close to, but less than, 2%”, and held it so far. Since the creation of the euro zone, never has a peak such as that recorded in 2021 been observed, not even during the 2008 crisis.

What is the reason for the price increase recorded in 2021?

The inflation rate is calculated in relation to the previous year, but the year 2020 was exceptional. Due to the crisis and the total shutdown of many economies, inflation has been particularly low. In the United States, it plunged from 2.5% in January 2020 to 0.5% in April. Same phenomenon in the euro zone, where prices even fell in the second quarter of 2020.

Read also Gas in Europe: four questions to understand the surge in prices and its consequences

In 2021, the recovery has been strong and rapid in all economies. Oil prices rose from 20 dollars (17.63 euros) per barrel in April 2020 to more than 85 dollars (75 euros) in October 2021. Due to geopolitical tensions and supply difficulties, gas prices have also experienced dizzying increases, dragging electricity prices down in their wake. According to ECB President Christine Lagarde, these increases in energy costs explain 50% of inflation in 2021.

Added to this are persistent tensions on the price of raw materials, production and transport capacities. The global economic recovery has come up against major supply difficulties which have generated shortages and therefore, mechanically, price increases. The latter seem all the higher when compared to those, abnormally low, of 2020. If we instead compare the prices of 2021 to those of 2019, we obtain inflation about two times lower, notes the French Observatory of economic conditions (OFCE).

Read also From microchips to plastic: the reasons for a global shortage

What are the consequences of this return to inflation?

The effects of inflation are not uniform except when it spirals out of control. Often a sign of a growing economy, the corollary of falling unemployment and rising wages, inflation can ease borrowers’ debt, but also discourage saving, generate uncertainty and slow investments, undermining the competitiveness of companies, etc.

If it arouses concern today, it is above all because its first consequence is to reduce the value of the currency and, thereby, to significantly erode the purchasing power of consumers. This phenomenon is observed everywhere in Europe and in the United States, and is felt all the more since the rise in prices concerns above all everyday products, such as energy or food (inflation driven by the prices of cars or technological products, which are purchased more occasionally, are not felt in the same way by citizens).

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers Presidential election 2022: purchasing power, key issue of the campaign

This effect on purchasing power could be mitigated with wage increases. This is what was done in France until 1983, with salaries, in particular those of civil servants, indexed to the increase in prices. This is no longer the case today. In France, as elsewhere in Europe and the United States, negotiations between unions and employers are multiplying to obtain increases in remuneration which would, at least in part, offset the rise in prices. States are also taking numerous measures to help households financially.

“On a plan of economic balance, we would be completely in favor of wages increasing”, said Christine Lagarde, Thursday, January 19. The latest figures available on wages did not show an increase equivalent to that of prices, and the next ones will be scrutinized closely. While the increases are necessary to avoid impoverishment, economists also fear the creation of a “price-wage loop”: a spiral in which rising prices lead to higher wages, which in turn lead to higher prices, thus fueling inflation.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers In Belgium, high inflation revives the debate on automatic wage indexation

Will the central banks act to reduce the level of inflation?

The fact that inflation exceeds 2% is not a problem in itself: no intangible mathematical rule asserts that 2% is systematically better for an economy than 3% or 5%. The question is whether the rise in prices is sustainable, and whether it is manageable.

In the United States, the American Federal Reserve (Fed), at the end of 2021, stopped talking about a transitory phenomenon and announced that it would take measures in 2022 to curb inflation, in particular by increasing its key rate – in proportions that have yet to be defined – to curb activity.

However, the American situation is not the same as that of the euro zone. The rise in prices is greater and more diffuse there, and wages are rising, which raises fears of a runaway that would make inflation lasting. The country is also facing a serious shortage of labour, which makes it more difficult for businesses to meet demand boosted by the financial aid distributed to households during the crisis.

In the euro zone, concerns are expressed above all in Germany, where the principles of ordoliberalism, which makes price and currency stability a condition of the economic order, are the foundation of monetary institutions.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers In Germany, economists fear above all the fear of inflation

But the ECB moved away from the strict 2% target, saying in the summer of 2021 that it was no longer seen as a ceiling. It continues to expect a temporary phenomenon and a return to normal in the course of 2023. According to it, inflation will slow if oil prices stabilize and if supply problems resolve – two factors on which it has not the hand. Predictions are tricky, however. Economists had not anticipated that the production and delivery difficulties would last so long, and it is difficult to say when global economic activity will return to its pre-crisis course, or even if it will return to it. Many are also concerned that energy prices will remain a structural problem in the years to come.

For the time being, the ECB does not plan to intervene by raising its key rates in 2022. “We cannot act immediately. If I raise interest rates, this will have an effect within six to nine months, the time it will go down the financing chain. But we are slowing down growth”, explained the President of the ECB on France Inter. This is indeed the whole dilemma of the central bankers, who do not seem ready to give priority to the strict control of inflation over the preservation of a still fragile economic recovery.

Read the editorial: Preparing to live with inflation

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1643049145) } [4]=> array(14) { ["title"]=> string(53) "Diego Lainez Is An Option To Reinforce Rayo Vallecano" ["link"]=> string(87) "https://bbc-edition.com/sporting/diego-lainez-is-an-option-to-reinforce-rayo-vallecano/" ["comments"]=> string(95) "https://bbc-edition.com/sporting/diego-lainez-is-an-option-to-reinforce-rayo-vallecano/#respond" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(15) "Pauline Potteer" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Mon, 24 Jan 2022 18:29:55 +0000" ["category"]=> string(47) "SportingDiegoLainezoptionRayoreinforceVallecano" ["guid"]=> string(87) "https://bbc-edition.com/sporting/diego-lainez-is-an-option-to-reinforce-rayo-vallecano/" ["description"]=> string(611) "The Mexican is emerging as a possible reinforcement for the Vallecas club due to the serious injury of Martín Merquelanz The need for Vallecano Ray reinforcing the winger position after Martín Merquelanz’s serious injury is a priority and one of the footballers who are in the portfolio as a possible reinforcement in this winter market ... Read more" ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(3162) "

The Mexican is emerging as a possible reinforcement for the Vallecas club due to the serious injury of Martín Merquelanz

The need for Vallecano Ray reinforcing the winger position after Martín Merquelanz’s serious injury is a priority and one of the footballers who are in the portfolio as a possible reinforcement in this winter market is the mexican Diego Lainez, as reported to EFE club supplies.

Lainez, who has barely played nine games this season with the Real Betis distributed in 326 minutes, is one of the names that the Lightning to reinforce the winger, although from the club they point out that “he is not the only one and there are also other players who are of interest” since they always work with a list that “sometimes can reach ten names per position”.

The Mexican soccer player, who is currently concentrated with the Mexican National Team to play several qualifying matches for the 2022 Qatar World Cup, is in his fourth season at the Betis, club where he arrived in January 2019 from America.

Strengthening the winger position is a priority for the coach of the Lightning, Andoni Iraola, a position for which he lost Martín Merquelanz at the end of September 2021 due to a serious injury.

“At the moment in which we lose Martín Merquelanz we have the lack of a player that we believe was going to give us a lot. Now it is the position that I think we have to strengthen, I have transmitted it to the club and they will be the ones who have to take the decisions”, said Iraola in the preview of the last game against Athletic Bilbao.

We would like to say thanks to the writer of this short article for this amazing material

Diego Lainez is an option to reinforce Rayo Vallecano

" } ["wfw"]=> array(1) { ["commentrss"]=> string(92) "https://bbc-edition.com/sporting/diego-lainez-is-an-option-to-reinforce-rayo-vallecano/feed/" } ["slash"]=> array(1) { ["comments"]=> string(1) "0" } ["summary"]=> string(611) "The Mexican is emerging as a possible reinforcement for the Vallecas club due to the serious injury of Martín Merquelanz The need for Vallecano Ray reinforcing the winger position after Martín Merquelanz’s serious injury is a priority and one of the footballers who are in the portfolio as a possible reinforcement in this winter market ... Read more" ["atom_content"]=> string(3162) "

The Mexican is emerging as a possible reinforcement for the Vallecas club due to the serious injury of Martín Merquelanz

The need for Vallecano Ray reinforcing the winger position after Martín Merquelanz’s serious injury is a priority and one of the footballers who are in the portfolio as a possible reinforcement in this winter market is the mexican Diego Lainez, as reported to EFE club supplies.

Lainez, who has barely played nine games this season with the Real Betis distributed in 326 minutes, is one of the names that the Lightning to reinforce the winger, although from the club they point out that “he is not the only one and there are also other players who are of interest” since they always work with a list that “sometimes can reach ten names per position”.

The Mexican soccer player, who is currently concentrated with the Mexican National Team to play several qualifying matches for the 2022 Qatar World Cup, is in his fourth season at the Betis, club where he arrived in January 2019 from America.

Strengthening the winger position is a priority for the coach of the Lightning, Andoni Iraola, a position for which he lost Martín Merquelanz at the end of September 2021 due to a serious injury.

“At the moment in which we lose Martín Merquelanz we have the lack of a player that we believe was going to give us a lot. Now it is the position that I think we have to strengthen, I have transmitted it to the club and they will be the ones who have to take the decisions”, said Iraola in the preview of the last game against Athletic Bilbao.

We would like to say thanks to the writer of this short article for this amazing material

Diego Lainez is an option to reinforce Rayo Vallecano

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1643048995) } [5]=> array(14) { ["title"]=> string(29) "a statistical sleight of hand" ["link"]=> string(60) "https://bbc-edition.com/space/a-statistical-sleight-of-hand/" ["comments"]=> string(68) "https://bbc-edition.com/space/a-statistical-sleight-of-hand/#respond" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(10) "Susan Hall" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Mon, 24 Jan 2022 18:17:28 +0000" ["category"]=> string(27) "Spacehandsleightstatistical" ["guid"]=> string(60) "https://bbc-edition.com/space/a-statistical-sleight-of-hand/" ["description"]=> string(510) "The Arlit mine in Niger, here in 2005, operated by the French group Orano. PIERRE VERDY / AFP To provide France with a nuclear fleet to reduce its dependence on oil imports, after the oil crisis of 1973, such was the objective of President Valéry Giscard d’Estaing when he launched, in 1974, a program which ... Read more" ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(8422) "

To provide France with a nuclear fleet to reduce its dependence on oil imports, after the oil crisis of 1973, such was the objective of President Valéry Giscard d’Estaing when he launched, in 1974, a program which was to lead to the construction of 45 power plants of nuclear origin.

The nuclear power plants operated by EDF then produce electricity thanks to the heat emitted by the fission of uranium atoms; a material extracted, imported, enriched and then transformed into fuel by several companies that will be later merged under the name Areva. Energy independence is high, even if not total. French production of natural uranium is at its best, rising from 1,250 tonnes in 1970 to 2,634 tonnes in 1980.

Read also How nuclear is needed in the 2022 presidential campaign

Franco-French uranium mining stops

At the end of the 1990s, the nuclear program slowed down: France stopped building new power plants. In the aftermath, the Franco-French extraction of uranium declines, before stopping completely. Since the early 2000s, the uranium used for French nuclear power plants has been entirely imported, even if it is often then enriched in France, a detail that is important.

However, in its annual report, the Ministry of Ecological Transition states that France’s energy independence stands at 55.3% in 2020 and 53.4% ​​in the summer of 2021, according to provisional data. This means that more than half of the energy consumed in France is produced on French soil. But then how do we arrive at this rate, when nuclear represents 70% of the electricity produced, and 100% of the fuel is imported?

An old statistical convention

The answer lies in a “statistical convention” from the statistics manual co-published by the International Energy Agency and by Eurostat, which recommends “counting” as primary energy the heat emitted by the reactor rather than the fuel used to operate it. This convention is old and goes back “at the time when uranium was produced in France”, explains Bernard Laponche, nuclear physicist and president of the Global Chance association. “We have since stopped producing it and the French mines have been closed. » The statistical convention remains.

Moreover, in the “Energy balance sheet of France”, the word “uranium” appears only twice in 189 pages, in explanatory notes and on the way of producing heat in a power station. In this balance sheet, “we have details on the price of coal, its origin or its calorific value, while we consume very little, laments Mr. Laponche, but we have nothing on uranium, which is nevertheless used to create the heat with which we produce electricity”. As this heat is produced on the hexagonal ground, the uranium is thus naturalized French.

Without this statistical convention, France could only achieve a 10 to 12% rate of energy independence, as the Ministry for Ecological Transition concedes in its “Energy Report”:

“In the case of France, which relies entirely on imported fuels (used directly or after recycling), the rate of energy independence would drop around 40 percentage points, to stand at around 12% in 2019, if the he primary energy was considered to be nuclear fuel rather than the heat resulting from its reaction. »

Uranium from Kazakhstan, Niger, Uzbekistan or Australia

Currently, to operate its 56 nuclear reactors, spread over 18 power plants, EDF needs 8,000 to 10,000 tonnes of natural uranium on average each year. Since there is no longer any French extraction of the ore, EDF’s uranium supply policy can be summed up as “not putting all the eggs in one basket”, by seeking to multiply the sources of supply.

Over the sixteen-year period between 2005 and 2020, nearly three-quarters of the 138,230 tons of natural uranium imported into France came from four countries:

  1. Kazakhstan: 27,748 tonnes (i.e. 20.1%);
  2. Australia: 25,804 (18.7%);
  3. Niger : 24 787 (17,9 %) ;
  4. Uzbekistan: 22,197 (16.1%).

These figures, obtained from the Euratom Technical Committee (CTE), nevertheless show more the activity of Orano (ex-Areva focused on the activities of the uranium cycle) in terms of natural uranium enrichment than the origin details of the fuel loaded in French power plants.

Indeed, even if EDF obtains fuel mainly from Orano, the company can also deal with the few other companies that enrich uranium; in Europe (Netherlands, United Kingdom, Germany) or elsewhere in the world such as Russia, Japan or the United States.

Once enriched, uranium intended for use in power plants changes nationality to that of the country where it was enriched. Contacted by The world, EDF gave no details on the precise origin of the fuel loaded in its power plants, simply stating that “EDF’s uranium supplies are ensured over the long term by diversified contracts in terms of origins and suppliers, lasting up to twenty years”.

The nuclear sector defends the “security of supplies”

On the side of the French nuclear industry, the general manager of Orano, Philippe Knoche, explains in an article Mining Annals than France “control your supply” in uranium, because the resource “is not concentrated in a single region of the world” and so is not “subject to geopolitical hazards”. Orano currently produces uranium in Kazakhstan (45%), Canada (30%) and Niger (25%).

Mr. Knoche points out that “nearly 44% of uranium resources are located in OECD countries”, which would shield imports from geopolitical blackmail. It happens, however, that strategic contracts are called into question with these States, as shown by the recent example of the French submarines sold – then canceled – to Australia. Moreover, among France’s other major suppliers, Kazakhstan, Niger and Uzbekistan are not examples of political stability.

According to the director of Orano, the known resources of uranium could make it possible to continue to operate power stations until “mid-next century”, even for two hundred and fifty years, “if estimated resources are included” at the current level of use.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers Why Emmanuel Macron is slow to clarify his nuclear promises

" } ["wfw"]=> array(1) { ["commentrss"]=> string(65) "https://bbc-edition.com/space/a-statistical-sleight-of-hand/feed/" } ["slash"]=> array(1) { ["comments"]=> string(1) "0" } ["summary"]=> string(510) "The Arlit mine in Niger, here in 2005, operated by the French group Orano. PIERRE VERDY / AFP To provide France with a nuclear fleet to reduce its dependence on oil imports, after the oil crisis of 1973, such was the objective of President Valéry Giscard d’Estaing when he launched, in 1974, a program which ... Read more" ["atom_content"]=> string(8422) "

To provide France with a nuclear fleet to reduce its dependence on oil imports, after the oil crisis of 1973, such was the objective of President Valéry Giscard d’Estaing when he launched, in 1974, a program which was to lead to the construction of 45 power plants of nuclear origin.

The nuclear power plants operated by EDF then produce electricity thanks to the heat emitted by the fission of uranium atoms; a material extracted, imported, enriched and then transformed into fuel by several companies that will be later merged under the name Areva. Energy independence is high, even if not total. French production of natural uranium is at its best, rising from 1,250 tonnes in 1970 to 2,634 tonnes in 1980.

Read also How nuclear is needed in the 2022 presidential campaign

Franco-French uranium mining stops

At the end of the 1990s, the nuclear program slowed down: France stopped building new power plants. In the aftermath, the Franco-French extraction of uranium declines, before stopping completely. Since the early 2000s, the uranium used for French nuclear power plants has been entirely imported, even if it is often then enriched in France, a detail that is important.

However, in its annual report, the Ministry of Ecological Transition states that France’s energy independence stands at 55.3% in 2020 and 53.4% ​​in the summer of 2021, according to provisional data. This means that more than half of the energy consumed in France is produced on French soil. But then how do we arrive at this rate, when nuclear represents 70% of the electricity produced, and 100% of the fuel is imported?

An old statistical convention

The answer lies in a “statistical convention” from the statistics manual co-published by the International Energy Agency and by Eurostat, which recommends “counting” as primary energy the heat emitted by the reactor rather than the fuel used to operate it. This convention is old and goes back “at the time when uranium was produced in France”, explains Bernard Laponche, nuclear physicist and president of the Global Chance association. “We have since stopped producing it and the French mines have been closed. » The statistical convention remains.

Moreover, in the “Energy balance sheet of France”, the word “uranium” appears only twice in 189 pages, in explanatory notes and on the way of producing heat in a power station. In this balance sheet, “we have details on the price of coal, its origin or its calorific value, while we consume very little, laments Mr. Laponche, but we have nothing on uranium, which is nevertheless used to create the heat with which we produce electricity”. As this heat is produced on the hexagonal ground, the uranium is thus naturalized French.

Without this statistical convention, France could only achieve a 10 to 12% rate of energy independence, as the Ministry for Ecological Transition concedes in its “Energy Report”:

“In the case of France, which relies entirely on imported fuels (used directly or after recycling), the rate of energy independence would drop around 40 percentage points, to stand at around 12% in 2019, if the he primary energy was considered to be nuclear fuel rather than the heat resulting from its reaction. »

Uranium from Kazakhstan, Niger, Uzbekistan or Australia

Currently, to operate its 56 nuclear reactors, spread over 18 power plants, EDF needs 8,000 to 10,000 tonnes of natural uranium on average each year. Since there is no longer any French extraction of the ore, EDF’s uranium supply policy can be summed up as “not putting all the eggs in one basket”, by seeking to multiply the sources of supply.

Over the sixteen-year period between 2005 and 2020, nearly three-quarters of the 138,230 tons of natural uranium imported into France came from four countries:

  1. Kazakhstan: 27,748 tonnes (i.e. 20.1%);
  2. Australia: 25,804 (18.7%);
  3. Niger : 24 787 (17,9 %) ;
  4. Uzbekistan: 22,197 (16.1%).

These figures, obtained from the Euratom Technical Committee (CTE), nevertheless show more the activity of Orano (ex-Areva focused on the activities of the uranium cycle) in terms of natural uranium enrichment than the origin details of the fuel loaded in French power plants.

Indeed, even if EDF obtains fuel mainly from Orano, the company can also deal with the few other companies that enrich uranium; in Europe (Netherlands, United Kingdom, Germany) or elsewhere in the world such as Russia, Japan or the United States.

Once enriched, uranium intended for use in power plants changes nationality to that of the country where it was enriched. Contacted by The world, EDF gave no details on the precise origin of the fuel loaded in its power plants, simply stating that “EDF’s uranium supplies are ensured over the long term by diversified contracts in terms of origins and suppliers, lasting up to twenty years”.

The nuclear sector defends the “security of supplies”

On the side of the French nuclear industry, the general manager of Orano, Philippe Knoche, explains in an article Mining Annals than France “control your supply” in uranium, because the resource “is not concentrated in a single region of the world” and so is not “subject to geopolitical hazards”. Orano currently produces uranium in Kazakhstan (45%), Canada (30%) and Niger (25%).

Mr. Knoche points out that “nearly 44% of uranium resources are located in OECD countries”, which would shield imports from geopolitical blackmail. It happens, however, that strategic contracts are called into question with these States, as shown by the recent example of the French submarines sold – then canceled – to Australia. Moreover, among France’s other major suppliers, Kazakhstan, Niger and Uzbekistan are not examples of political stability.

According to the director of Orano, the known resources of uranium could make it possible to continue to operate power stations until “mid-next century”, even for two hundred and fifty years, “if estimated resources are included” at the current level of use.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers Why Emmanuel Macron is slow to clarify his nuclear promises

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1643048248) } [6]=> array(14) { ["title"]=> string(132) "Fabien Roussel unveils his 180 proposals, Emmanuel Macron maintains the vagueness on his candidacy… The political recap of the day" ["link"]=> string(167) "https://bbc-edition.com/international/fabien-roussel-unveils-his-180-proposals-emmanuel-macron-maintains-the-vagueness-on-his-candidacy-the-political-recap-of-the-day/" ["comments"]=> string(175) "https://bbc-edition.com/international/fabien-roussel-unveils-his-180-proposals-emmanuel-macron-maintains-the-vagueness-on-his-candidacy-the-political-recap-of-the-day/#respond" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(12) "Harry Rivers" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Mon, 24 Jan 2022 18:07:53 +0000" ["category"]=> string(100) "InternationalcandidacydayEmmanuelFabienMacronMaintainspoliticalProposalsRecapRousselunveilsvagueness" ["guid"]=> string(167) "https://bbc-edition.com/international/fabien-roussel-unveils-his-180-proposals-emmanuel-macron-maintains-the-vagueness-on-his-candidacy-the-political-recap-of-the-day/" ["description"]=> string(836) "Le World keeps the synopsis of the campaign for the presidential election of 2022: a daily update, published every evening at 7 p.m., reviews the political events of the past day and discusses upcoming meetings. Fabien Roussel unveils a program focused on work and purchasing power He wants to be the candidate of “the France ... Read more" ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(11776) "

Le World keeps the synopsis of the campaign for the presidential election of 2022: a daily update, published every evening at 7 p.m., reviews the political events of the past day and discusses upcoming meetings.

He wants to be the candidate of “the France of happy days”. Fabien Roussel unveiled, Monday, January 24, from the headquarters of the French Communist Party, his 180 proposals two and a half months before the first round of the presidential election: minimum wage at 1,500 euros net, 500,000 more jobs in public services , student income from 850 euros, nationalization of EDF, tripling of wealth tax…

In his 124-page program book, “France on Happy Days”, a tribute to that of the National Council of Resistance, the communist candidate focused his proposals on work and purchasing power. “There are fed up with a France that promises austerity, savings”, launched Mr. Roussel during his press conference on Monday morning, wanting “to give hope to those who no longer believe in it”.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers Fabien Roussel, the communist candidate for the presidential election, is betting on a program rooted in social

Concerning ecology, Fabien Roussel assumes a different line from La France insoumise and especially from Europe Ecologie-Les Verts. If he defends the free urban public transport and the reopening of small train lines, the communist candidate is aimed at motorists: free driving license before the age of 25, bonus for conversion to less polluting vehicles, but also reduction of the fuel prices by reducing VAT to 5.5%.

To achieve carbon neutrality by 2040-2050, it plans in its program a “strong growth in electricity production, by investing in renewable energies (…) and in nuclear electricity with the construction of at least six additional EPRs”. Since the withdrawal of Arnaud Montebourg, he is now the only left to defend the construction of power stations.

Emmanuel Macron speaks with students from the agricultural high school in Ahun (Creuse), Monday, January 24.

Presidential candidacy, universities, agricultural income… Emmanuel Macron began a two-day trip to Creuse and Haute-Vienne on Monday with a visit to the agricultural high school in Ahun where he was questioned on many subjects. By approaching the head of state, in the high school barn where around forty cows are ruminating, Tom, an 18-year-old high school student, notably tried to get the scoop that many political journalists would like to get. “Are you standing for re-election? », he launched, mask on the nose. But as in these last interviews, Mr. Macron took care to temporize.

“I will continue to fight until the end. (…) We still have a lot of things to do. If everything had been settled, [mais] This is not the case. Afterwards, I will announce my decision in due time.”, declared the Head of State, who concluded by giving an appointment “to the next episode”.

“François Hollande has a lot of humor, and I think he showed a lot of humor in front of these students”

She hopes it’s a joke, but he was serious. Once again, François Hollande maintained doubt about a possible candidacy, Sunday January 23, in a program broadcast on France 3 devoted to a meeting with high school students.

“For the moment, I am not a candidate, you noticed”, notably replied Mr. Holland to one of the high school students, before adding: “And since it’s not going well [dans le pays et à gauche], it is true that we could say: Would one more application be helpful? I don’t know, I don’t think, moreover… I have the same ideas as before, I continue to defend them, and a former president can very well go back to politics and, it happened, be a candidate in the presidential election. » Asked about his possible candidacy, he replied: “I will, in any case, speak soon. »

These remarks sound like a new disavowal for the socialist candidate, Anne Hidalgo. Questioned Monday morning on RTL, the mayor of Paris remarked: “First of all, François Hollande, whom I see regularly, has a lot of humor and I think he showed a lot of humor in front of these 2from », she judged. And to continue: “I’m not here to comment on small sentences, even those of François Hollande. »

A figure that should not leave candidates on the left indifferent, even those who do not want to be part of it. The organizers of the Popular Primary announced on Monday that 467,000 voters will take part in this citizen consultation which will take place from January 27 to 30.

With this figure higher than expected, the popular Primary, criticized by most of the main left-wing candidates, far exceeds the 22,000 PS activists of the socialist nomination, the 122,000 participants in the environmentalist primary in September and the nearly 140,000 members of the Les Républicains party congress at the beginning of December. “It is the biggest process of deciding between candidates in France, it cannot be ignored”, rejoiced with AFP Mathilde Imer, one of the organizers of the primary.

Read also: Article reserved for our subscribers The popular Primary, the union of the left, against all odds
Archive of the

In this recap devoted to the news of the electoral campaign, we also evoke the past by returning each day to the highlights of the last presidential elections through an article by the World. Today, let’s go back ten years… January 24, 2012.

In The world, journalist Sylvia Zappi looks back on François Hollande’s big meeting at Le Bourget. It was on this occasion that the socialist candidate, who won the primary on the left a few weeks earlier against Martine Aubry, really launched his campaign. Before this meeting, socialist activists still had some doubts about him. “I would like to know what is behind the politician. It’s smooth, you can’t figure it out.”, wondered one of the 25,000 activists present in the room.

Read the archive, in 2012 Article reserved for our subscribers In the stands of Le Bourget: “We feel a personality that emerges”

An hour and twenty-five minutes of speeches, applause and slogans later, the activists have regained their enthusiasm. “We have just seen a large number of the one we call soft balls ! », one of them exclaims. Another particularly liked the candidate’s tirades “against the forces of money”. He had launched a tirade that had marked during this meeting: “My real adversary, he has no name, no face, no party, he will never present his candidacy, he will never be elected and yet he governs. This adversary is the world of finance. »

“He invited us to dream and we are going to do something in the next few years: we are going to change eras”, also hopes another activist. Without suspecting that, five years later, the “new world” would rather be embodied by a young adviser to François Hollande then unknown, a certain Emmanuel Macron.

From local to international. The President of the Republic, Emmanuel Macron, continues his trip to Creuse and Haute-Vienne on Tuesday to discuss in particular the problems of rurality and health. He will then fly to Berlin where he will meet the new German Chancellor, Olaf Scholz, at the end of the day. A joint press conference is scheduled for 5:45 p.m.

Sponsorships. While the decree convening voters should be presented to the Council of Ministers on Wednesday, the President of the Constitutional Council, Laurent Fabius, is holding a press conference on Tuesday at 11 a.m. on the rules of sponsorship.

" } ["wfw"]=> array(1) { ["commentrss"]=> string(172) "https://bbc-edition.com/international/fabien-roussel-unveils-his-180-proposals-emmanuel-macron-maintains-the-vagueness-on-his-candidacy-the-political-recap-of-the-day/feed/" } ["slash"]=> array(1) { ["comments"]=> string(1) "0" } ["summary"]=> string(836) "Le World keeps the synopsis of the campaign for the presidential election of 2022: a daily update, published every evening at 7 p.m., reviews the political events of the past day and discusses upcoming meetings. Fabien Roussel unveils a program focused on work and purchasing power He wants to be the candidate of “the France ... Read more" ["atom_content"]=> string(11776) "

Le World keeps the synopsis of the campaign for the presidential election of 2022: a daily update, published every evening at 7 p.m., reviews the political events of the past day and discusses upcoming meetings.

He wants to be the candidate of “the France of happy days”. Fabien Roussel unveiled, Monday, January 24, from the headquarters of the French Communist Party, his 180 proposals two and a half months before the first round of the presidential election: minimum wage at 1,500 euros net, 500,000 more jobs in public services , student income from 850 euros, nationalization of EDF, tripling of wealth tax…

In his 124-page program book, “France on Happy Days”, a tribute to that of the National Council of Resistance, the communist candidate focused his proposals on work and purchasing power. “There are fed up with a France that promises austerity, savings”, launched Mr. Roussel during his press conference on Monday morning, wanting “to give hope to those who no longer believe in it”.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers Fabien Roussel, the communist candidate for the presidential election, is betting on a program rooted in social

Concerning ecology, Fabien Roussel assumes a different line from La France insoumise and especially from Europe Ecologie-Les Verts. If he defends the free urban public transport and the reopening of small train lines, the communist candidate is aimed at motorists: free driving license before the age of 25, bonus for conversion to less polluting vehicles, but also reduction of the fuel prices by reducing VAT to 5.5%.

To achieve carbon neutrality by 2040-2050, it plans in its program a “strong growth in electricity production, by investing in renewable energies (…) and in nuclear electricity with the construction of at least six additional EPRs”. Since the withdrawal of Arnaud Montebourg, he is now the only left to defend the construction of power stations.

Emmanuel Macron speaks with students from the agricultural high school in Ahun (Creuse), Monday, January 24.

Presidential candidacy, universities, agricultural income… Emmanuel Macron began a two-day trip to Creuse and Haute-Vienne on Monday with a visit to the agricultural high school in Ahun where he was questioned on many subjects. By approaching the head of state, in the high school barn where around forty cows are ruminating, Tom, an 18-year-old high school student, notably tried to get the scoop that many political journalists would like to get. “Are you standing for re-election? », he launched, mask on the nose. But as in these last interviews, Mr. Macron took care to temporize.

“I will continue to fight until the end. (…) We still have a lot of things to do. If everything had been settled, [mais] This is not the case. Afterwards, I will announce my decision in due time.”, declared the Head of State, who concluded by giving an appointment “to the next episode”.

“François Hollande has a lot of humor, and I think he showed a lot of humor in front of these students”

She hopes it’s a joke, but he was serious. Once again, François Hollande maintained doubt about a possible candidacy, Sunday January 23, in a program broadcast on France 3 devoted to a meeting with high school students.

“For the moment, I am not a candidate, you noticed”, notably replied Mr. Holland to one of the high school students, before adding: “And since it’s not going well [dans le pays et à gauche], it is true that we could say: Would one more application be helpful? I don’t know, I don’t think, moreover… I have the same ideas as before, I continue to defend them, and a former president can very well go back to politics and, it happened, be a candidate in the presidential election. » Asked about his possible candidacy, he replied: “I will, in any case, speak soon. »

These remarks sound like a new disavowal for the socialist candidate, Anne Hidalgo. Questioned Monday morning on RTL, the mayor of Paris remarked: “First of all, François Hollande, whom I see regularly, has a lot of humor and I think he showed a lot of humor in front of these 2from », she judged. And to continue: “I’m not here to comment on small sentences, even those of François Hollande. »

A figure that should not leave candidates on the left indifferent, even those who do not want to be part of it. The organizers of the Popular Primary announced on Monday that 467,000 voters will take part in this citizen consultation which will take place from January 27 to 30.

With this figure higher than expected, the popular Primary, criticized by most of the main left-wing candidates, far exceeds the 22,000 PS activists of the socialist nomination, the 122,000 participants in the environmentalist primary in September and the nearly 140,000 members of the Les Républicains party congress at the beginning of December. “It is the biggest process of deciding between candidates in France, it cannot be ignored”, rejoiced with AFP Mathilde Imer, one of the organizers of the primary.

Read also: Article reserved for our subscribers The popular Primary, the union of the left, against all odds
Archive of the

In this recap devoted to the news of the electoral campaign, we also evoke the past by returning each day to the highlights of the last presidential elections through an article by the World. Today, let’s go back ten years… January 24, 2012.

In The world, journalist Sylvia Zappi looks back on François Hollande’s big meeting at Le Bourget. It was on this occasion that the socialist candidate, who won the primary on the left a few weeks earlier against Martine Aubry, really launched his campaign. Before this meeting, socialist activists still had some doubts about him. “I would like to know what is behind the politician. It’s smooth, you can’t figure it out.”, wondered one of the 25,000 activists present in the room.

Read the archive, in 2012 Article reserved for our subscribers In the stands of Le Bourget: “We feel a personality that emerges”

An hour and twenty-five minutes of speeches, applause and slogans later, the activists have regained their enthusiasm. “We have just seen a large number of the one we call soft balls ! », one of them exclaims. Another particularly liked the candidate’s tirades “against the forces of money”. He had launched a tirade that had marked during this meeting: “My real adversary, he has no name, no face, no party, he will never present his candidacy, he will never be elected and yet he governs. This adversary is the world of finance. »

“He invited us to dream and we are going to do something in the next few years: we are going to change eras”, also hopes another activist. Without suspecting that, five years later, the “new world” would rather be embodied by a young adviser to François Hollande then unknown, a certain Emmanuel Macron.

From local to international. The President of the Republic, Emmanuel Macron, continues his trip to Creuse and Haute-Vienne on Tuesday to discuss in particular the problems of rurality and health. He will then fly to Berlin where he will meet the new German Chancellor, Olaf Scholz, at the end of the day. A joint press conference is scheduled for 5:45 p.m.

Sponsorships. While the decree convening voters should be presented to the Council of Ministers on Wednesday, the President of the Constitutional Council, Laurent Fabius, is holding a press conference on Tuesday at 11 a.m. on the rules of sponsorship.

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1643047673) } [7]=> array(14) { ["title"]=> string(74) "“Strategic Balearic Islands for Recovery, Leading Destination of 2022”" ["link"]=> string(102) "https://bbc-edition.com/lifestyle/strategic-balearic-islands-for-recovery-leading-destination-of-2022/" ["comments"]=> string(110) "https://bbc-edition.com/lifestyle/strategic-balearic-islands-for-recovery-leading-destination-of-2022/#respond" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(15) "Michael Johnson" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Mon, 24 Jan 2022 18:06:36 +0000" ["category"]=> string(85) "LifestyleBalearicBalearicsdestinationIslandsKings MarotoLeadingrecoverySpainstrategic" ["guid"]=> string(102) "https://bbc-edition.com/lifestyle/strategic-balearic-islands-for-recovery-leading-destination-of-2022/" ["description"]=> string(683) "Balearic Islands at the center of the recovery of Spanish tourism to the point of being the “leading destination of 2022”: is Kings Maroto, Spanish minister of industry, trade and tourism to underline the key role that the archipelago will play in the restart of the tourism industry. As reported by the Majorca Daily Bulletin, ... Read more" ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(2064) "

Balearic Islands at the center of the recovery of Spanish tourism to the point of being the “leading destination of 2022”: is Kings Maroto, Spanish minister of industry, trade and tourism to underline the key role that the archipelago will play in the restart of the tourism industry.

As reported by the Majorca Daily Bulletin, the minister stated that the islands are a priority destination for Spanish and international tourism and that they have achieved the goal of extend the season and manage the problem of seasonality. The consolidation of the Balearic tourism leadership will be strengthened by the investments that will be made and by the implementation of safety measures for the exit path from the pandemic. “This will allow the Balearics to maintain leadership in terms of international and domestic tourism arrivals. For the Spanish market, Majorca and the other islands have become an alternative destination to those of the mainland ”.

Another positive aspect in this year’s calendar is the anticipation of summer operations to the Balearics by the main airlines. “This early flight planning is positive and shows confidence in Spain and that our tourism policies have been effective. Despite the pandemic, we were able to hold the Fitur fair, thanks to the safety of the vaccination plan, which benefited the entire tourism chain ”.

Positive trend also from the United States, “which before the pandemic was one of the areas that was growing the most: American tourists are characterized by strong purchasing power and a high level of spending. For the American market, Mallorca can become an alternative destination to Mexico or the Dominican Republic ”.

.

" } ["wfw"]=> array(1) { ["commentrss"]=> string(107) "https://bbc-edition.com/lifestyle/strategic-balearic-islands-for-recovery-leading-destination-of-2022/feed/" } ["slash"]=> array(1) { ["comments"]=> string(1) "0" } ["summary"]=> string(683) "Balearic Islands at the center of the recovery of Spanish tourism to the point of being the “leading destination of 2022”: is Kings Maroto, Spanish minister of industry, trade and tourism to underline the key role that the archipelago will play in the restart of the tourism industry. As reported by the Majorca Daily Bulletin, ... Read more" ["atom_content"]=> string(2064) "

Balearic Islands at the center of the recovery of Spanish tourism to the point of being the “leading destination of 2022”: is Kings Maroto, Spanish minister of industry, trade and tourism to underline the key role that the archipelago will play in the restart of the tourism industry.

As reported by the Majorca Daily Bulletin, the minister stated that the islands are a priority destination for Spanish and international tourism and that they have achieved the goal of extend the season and manage the problem of seasonality. The consolidation of the Balearic tourism leadership will be strengthened by the investments that will be made and by the implementation of safety measures for the exit path from the pandemic. “This will allow the Balearics to maintain leadership in terms of international and domestic tourism arrivals. For the Spanish market, Majorca and the other islands have become an alternative destination to those of the mainland ”.

Another positive aspect in this year’s calendar is the anticipation of summer operations to the Balearics by the main airlines. “This early flight planning is positive and shows confidence in Spain and that our tourism policies have been effective. Despite the pandemic, we were able to hold the Fitur fair, thanks to the safety of the vaccination plan, which benefited the entire tourism chain ”.

Positive trend also from the United States, “which before the pandemic was one of the areas that was growing the most: American tourists are characterized by strong purchasing power and a high level of spending. For the American market, Mallorca can become an alternative destination to Mexico or the Dominican Republic ”.

.

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1643047596) } [8]=> array(14) { ["title"]=> string(109) "3 Modern Photo Styles of Angel Karamoy in a White Dress, Makes Adams Difficult to Breathe : Okezone Celebrity" ["link"]=> string(145) "https://bbc-edition.com/entertainment/3-modern-photo-styles-of-angel-karamoy-in-a-white-dress-makes-adams-difficult-to-breathe-okezone-celebrity/" ["comments"]=> string(153) "https://bbc-edition.com/entertainment/3-modern-photo-styles-of-angel-karamoy-in-a-white-dress-makes-adams-difficult-to-breathe-okezone-celebrity/#respond" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(15) "Pauline Potteer" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Mon, 24 Jan 2022 17:27:25 +0000" ["category"]=> string(90) "EntertainmentAdamsÁngelBreathecelebritydifficultdressKaramoyModernOkezonephotostylesWhite" ["guid"]=> string(145) "https://bbc-edition.com/entertainment/3-modern-photo-styles-of-angel-karamoy-in-a-white-dress-makes-adams-difficult-to-breathe-okezone-celebrity/" ["description"]=> string(793) "JAKARTA – Actress Angel Karamoy often spoils the eyes of her followers on Instagram with a series of captivating photos. In that upload, she even often shows off her beautiful body which is maintained despite having two children. What attracted netizens’ attention was when the lover of director Jose Purnomo highlighted his white and clean ... Read more" ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(4725) "

JAKARTA – Actress Angel Karamoy often spoils the eyes of her followers on Instagram with a series of captivating photos. In that upload, she even often shows off her beautiful body which is maintained despite having two children.

What attracted netizens’ attention was when the lover of director Jose Purnomo highlighted his white and clean skin in a white dress. Here are the three photos, quoted from his uploads on Instagram.

1.Sexy Back and Red Lips

Angel looked bold by showing off her back and sides of her breasts in a white rustic tier dress. She chose to let her hair down and chose to polish her lips with brightly colored lipstick.

Along with the photo, which has been liked more than 63,000 times, he wrote, “A bright morning and a smile on red lips. A million feelings of happiness that you give. There is nothing more that I can offer. Only this song is a way of saying my longing.”

The upload was heavily commented on by netizens who were dominated by men. “White, very smooth,” praised a netizen. Another said, “Widow is now yes, beautiful disturbing the adam.”

Also read: Served with Egg Rolls Dipped in Sauce, Angel Karamoy: Huh, Seriously This is the First Time

2.Show off Smooth Shoulders

Angel Karamoy then chose to wear sheath dress maxi white, showing off her smooth shoulders and arms. To complete the look, the actress tucked a yellow flower in her ear.

Angel Karamoy's contemporary photo style.  (Photo: Instagram/@realangelkaramoy)

The photo, which has been liked more than 76,000 times, was also filled with netizen comments. One of them wrote, “A husband’s dream photo, greeted by his wife at the door.” Another said, “Immune-boosting photos.”

3. Don’t wear a bra?

In this third photo, Angel Karamoy looks elegant in her dress knitted bodycon mini dress colored white. Steven Rumangkang’s ex-wife then let down her black hair and lightly polished it make-up on his face.

Angel Karamoy's contemporary photo style.  (Photo: Instagram/@realangelkaramoy)

With the upload, he was seen teasing netizens through his uploads. “Hi, how are you guys? Do you miss me? It’s been a while posting IG and can’t use the internet. I hope you guys are okay there,” he said.

The photo was criticized by netizens because Angel was judged not to be wearing a bra so that a prominent part of the chest area on her dress appeared. But at that time, Angel Karamoy asserted, that part was a fold from her dress.*

Also read: Haji Faisal reveals 3 ‘sins’ of Doddy Sudrajat that are difficult to forgive

" } ["wfw"]=> array(1) { ["commentrss"]=> string(150) "https://bbc-edition.com/entertainment/3-modern-photo-styles-of-angel-karamoy-in-a-white-dress-makes-adams-difficult-to-breathe-okezone-celebrity/feed/" } ["slash"]=> array(1) { ["comments"]=> string(1) "0" } ["summary"]=> string(793) "JAKARTA – Actress Angel Karamoy often spoils the eyes of her followers on Instagram with a series of captivating photos. In that upload, she even often shows off her beautiful body which is maintained despite having two children. What attracted netizens’ attention was when the lover of director Jose Purnomo highlighted his white and clean ... Read more" ["atom_content"]=> string(4725) "

JAKARTA – Actress Angel Karamoy often spoils the eyes of her followers on Instagram with a series of captivating photos. In that upload, she even often shows off her beautiful body which is maintained despite having two children.

What attracted netizens’ attention was when the lover of director Jose Purnomo highlighted his white and clean skin in a white dress. Here are the three photos, quoted from his uploads on Instagram.

1.Sexy Back and Red Lips

Angel looked bold by showing off her back and sides of her breasts in a white rustic tier dress. She chose to let her hair down and chose to polish her lips with brightly colored lipstick.

Along with the photo, which has been liked more than 63,000 times, he wrote, “A bright morning and a smile on red lips. A million feelings of happiness that you give. There is nothing more that I can offer. Only this song is a way of saying my longing.”

The upload was heavily commented on by netizens who were dominated by men. “White, very smooth,” praised a netizen. Another said, “Widow is now yes, beautiful disturbing the adam.”

Also read: Served with Egg Rolls Dipped in Sauce, Angel Karamoy: Huh, Seriously This is the First Time

2.Show off Smooth Shoulders

Angel Karamoy then chose to wear sheath dress maxi white, showing off her smooth shoulders and arms. To complete the look, the actress tucked a yellow flower in her ear.

Angel Karamoy's contemporary photo style.  (Photo: Instagram/@realangelkaramoy)

The photo, which has been liked more than 76,000 times, was also filled with netizen comments. One of them wrote, “A husband’s dream photo, greeted by his wife at the door.” Another said, “Immune-boosting photos.”

3. Don’t wear a bra?

In this third photo, Angel Karamoy looks elegant in her dress knitted bodycon mini dress colored white. Steven Rumangkang’s ex-wife then let down her black hair and lightly polished it make-up on his face.

Angel Karamoy's contemporary photo style.  (Photo: Instagram/@realangelkaramoy)

With the upload, he was seen teasing netizens through his uploads. “Hi, how are you guys? Do you miss me? It’s been a while posting IG and can’t use the internet. I hope you guys are okay there,” he said.

The photo was criticized by netizens because Angel was judged not to be wearing a bra so that a prominent part of the chest area on her dress appeared. But at that time, Angel Karamoy asserted, that part was a fold from her dress.*

Also read: Haji Faisal reveals 3 ‘sins’ of Doddy Sudrajat that are difficult to forgive

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